Macros

Special text strings expand on the fly to display user data or system info

Macros are text strings in one of two forms:

%MACRONAME%
%MACRONAME{ parameter="value" }%

These usually expand into content when a topic is rendered for viewing. There are two types of macros:
  1. Preference settings: May be defined and modified by the user
  2. Registered macros: Defined by the system or by Plugins (for example, the SpreadSheetPlugin introduces a %CALC{}% macro)

On this page:

Using Macros

To use a macro type its name. For example,

Note:
  • To leave a macro unexpanded, precede it with an exclamation point, e.g. type !%TOPIC% to get %TOPIC%
    • Alternatively, insert a <nop> anwhere in the macro, Eg. %<nop>TOPIC%
  • Macros are expanded relative to the topic they are used in, not the topic they are defined in
  • Type %ALLVARIABLES% to get a full listing of all macros defined for a particular topic

Order of expansion

The following describes only these types of macros:

Standard form

The key to understanding nested expressions in Foswiki is to understand that macros are expanded "inside-out, left-to-right". Example:

%MACRO1{
   something="%MACRO2{
      somethingelse="%MACRO3%, %MACRO4%"
   }%"
}%
The macros are expanded in this order: MACRO3, MACRO4, MACRO2, MACRO1.

Animated Example
%INCLUDE{
    "%QUERY{
        "'%THETOPIC%'/%THEFIELD%"
    }%"
    section="Summary"
}%
   * Set THETOPIC = %SYSTEMWEB%.FAQWhatIsWikiWiki
   * Set THEFIELD = TopicClassification
%INCLUDE{
    "%QUERY{
        "'%SYSTEMWEB%.FAQWhatIsWikiWiki'/%THEFIELD%"
    }%"
    section="Summary"
}%
   * Set THETOPIC = %SYSTEMWEB%.FAQWhatIsWikiWiki
   * Set THEFIELD = TopicClassification
%INCLUDE{
    "%QUERY{
        "'%SYSTEMWEB%.FAQWhatIsWikiWiki'/TopicClassification"
    }%"
    section="Summary"
}%
   * Set THETOPIC = %SYSTEMWEB%.FAQWhatIsWikiWiki
   * Set THEFIELD = TopicClassification
%INCLUDE{
    "%QUERY{
        "'System.FAQWhatIsWikiWiki'/TopicClassification"
    }%"
    section="Summary"
}%
   * Set THETOPIC = %SYSTEMWEB%.FAQWhatIsWikiWiki
   * Set THEFIELD = TopicClassification
%INCLUDE{
    "FrequentlyAskedQuestion"
    section="Summary"
}%
   * Set THETOPIC = %SYSTEMWEB%.FAQWhatIsWikiWiki
   * Set THEFIELD = TopicClassification

These topics are for frequently
asked questions including answers.

   * Set THETOPIC = %SYSTEMWEB%.FAQWhatIsWikiWiki
   * Set THEFIELD = TopicClassification

These topics are for frequently
asked questions including answers.

   * Set THETOPIC = System.FAQWhatIsWikiWiki
   * Set THEFIELD = TopicClassification

Delayed form

Standard form macros can nearly always be used to build the parameter string of another macro; however, sometimes it is desirable to bypass the inside-out expansion order and delay the inner macro until after the outer macro has finished expansion. This is accomplished by using the $percent format token instead of %, and escaping any " character it uses (becomes \")

TIP When working with a given macro, consult its documentation to determine which parameters support the $percent/$percnt format tokens. Generally only output parameters like header, format and footer support format tokens.
Example:
%MACRO1{
   format="$percentMACRO2{
      format=\"%MACRO3%, %MACRO4%\"
   }$percent"
}%
The macros are expanded in this order: MACRO3, MACRO4, MACRO1, MACRO2.
Animated Example
From the conditional output example:

%SEARCH{
  "info.date >= d2n('2009-01-01') AND info.date <= d2n('2009-12-31')"
  type="query"
  limit="2"
  nonoise="on"
  format="   * $percentICON{
    \"$percentIF{
      \"'$topic'/parent.name='%PARENT%'\"
      then=\"info\" else=\"gear\"
    }$percent\"
  }$percent [[$topic]]"
}%
----
   * Set PARENT = UserDocumentationCategory
%SEARCH{
  "info.date >= d2n('2009-01-01') AND info.date <= d2n('2009-12-31')"
  type="query"
  limit="2"
  nonoise="on"
  format="   * $percentICON{
    \"$percentIF{
      \"'$topic'/parent.name='UserDocumentationCategory'\"
      then=\"info\" else=\"gear\"
    }$percent\"
  }$percent [[$topic]]"
}%
----
   * Set PARENT = UserDocumentationCategory
   * %ICON{
    "%IF{
      "'ACRONYM'/parent.name='UserDocumentationCategory'"
      then="info" else="gear"
    }%"
  }% [[ACRONYM]]
   * %ICON{
    "%IF{
      "'AccessControl'/parent.name='UserDocumentationCategory'"
      then="info" else="gear"
    }%"
  }% [[AccessControl]]
----
   * Set PARENT = UserDocumentationCategory
   * %ICON{
    "info"
  }% [[ACRONYM]]
   * %ICON{
    "info"
  }% [[AccessControl]]
----
   * Set PARENT = UserDocumentationCategory
   * <img src="http://www.eugenemakerspace.com/wiki/pub/System/DocumentGraphics/info.png"/> [[ACRONYM]]
   * <img src="http://www.eugenemakerspace.com/wiki/pub/System/DocumentGraphics/info.png"/> [[AccessControl]]
----
   * Set PARENT = UserDocumentationCategory

See also: FormattedSearch

Macro Names

Macro names must start with a letter. The following characters can be letters, numbers and the underscore '_'. Letters may be upper or lower-case, E.g. %MYVAR%, %MyVar%, %My2ndVar%, and %My_Var% are all separate, valid macro names (macros are case sensitive - %MyVAR% and %MYVAR% are not the same).

By convention all settings, predefined macros and macros registered by plugins are always UPPER-CASE.

Help on Preferences

  • A preference setting lets you define a simple macro that can be expanded in your output. Preference settings do not accept any parameters.
  • A preference setting looks like this:
    3 or 6 spaces * Set NAME = value
    Example:
       * Set WEBBGCOLOR = #FFFFC0
  • A preferences setting can be disabled with a # sign. Remove the # sign to enable a local customisation. Example:
       * #Set DENYWEBCHANGE = %USERSWEB%.UnknownUser
  • Macros defined using preference settings are expanded by enclosing the name in percent signs. Example:
    • When you write %WEBBGCOLOR%, it gets expanded to #FFD8AA
  • You can introduce your own preference settings and use them in your topics and templates.
  • A preference settings is always taken from the most current topic revision, even when accessing previous revisions of a topic.
  • Preferences can be defined in a number of places:
    1. DefaultPreferences (Foswiki upgrades overwrite this topic)
    2. SitePreferences
    3. Sub-webs inherit the WebPreferences of their parent
    4. WebPreferences
    5. In user topics, if the user has one (yours is Main.WikiGuest)
    6. In (some) plugin documentation topics
    7. In the topic being accessed

HELP Set statements which occur at higher-numbered locations override settings of the same name at lower numbered levels, unless the macro was listed in a FINALPREFERENCES setting (finalised) at a lower-numbered level. In this case, the macro is locked to the value at that level; Set statements at higher-numbered levels are ignored.

If you are setting a preference and using it in the same topic, note that Foswiki reads all the preference settings from the saved version of the topic before it displays anything. This means you can use a macro anywhere in the topic, even if you set it somewhere inconspicuous near the end. But beware: it also means that if you change the setting of a macro you are using in the same topic, Preview will show the wrong thing, and you must Save the topic to see it correctly.

Also note that Foswiki always reads the setting from the most current topic revision, so viewing older revisions of a topic can show unexpected results.

The syntax for setting macros is the same anywhere:
[multiple of 3 spaces] * [space] Set [space] MACRONAME [space] = [space] value

Examples:
   * Set MACRONAME = value
      * Set MACRONAME = value
Spaces between the = sign and the value will be ignored. You can split a value over several lines by indenting following lines with spaces - as long as you don't try to use * as the first character on the following line.

Example:
   * Set MACRONAME = value starts here
     and continues here

Whatever you include in your Macro will be expanded on display, exactly as if it had been entered directly.

Example: Create a custom logo macro
   * Set MYLOGO = %PUBURL%/%WEB%/LogoTopic/mylogo.gif

You can also set preference settings in a topic by clicking the link Edit topic preference settings under More topic actions. Preferences set in this manner are known as 'meta' preferences and are not visible in the topic text, but take effect nevertheless.

Access Control Settings

These are special types of preference settings to control access to content. AccessControl explains these security settings in detail.

Local values for preferences

Certain topics (user, plugin, web, site and default preferences topics) have a problem; macros defined in those topics can have two meanings. For example, consider a user topic. A user may want to use a double-height edit box when they are editing their home topic - but only when editing their home topic. The rest of the time, they want to have a normal edit box. This separation is achieved using Local in place of Set in the macro definition. For example, if the user sets the following in their home topic:
   * Set EDITBOXHEIGHT = 10
   * Local EDITBOXHEIGHT = 20
Then, when they are editing any other topic, they will get a 10 high edit box. However, when they are editing their home topic they will get a 20 high edit box. Local can be used wherever a preference needs to take a different value depending on where the current operation is being performed.

Use this powerful feature with great care! %ALLVARIABLES% can be used to get a listing of the values of all macros in their evaluation order, so you can see macro scope if you get confused.

Predefined Macros

Most predefined macros return values that were either set in the configuration when Foswiki was installed, or taken from server info (such as current username, or date and time). Some, like %SEARCH%, are powerful and general tools.

ALERT! Predefined macros can be overridden by preference settings (except TOPIC and WEB)

ALERT! Plugins may extend the set of predefined macros (see individual Plugins topics for details)

TIP Take the time to thoroughly read through ALL preference macros. If you actively configure your site, review macros periodically. They cover a wide range of functions, and it can be easy to miss the one perfect macro for something you have in mind. For example, see %BASETOPIC%, %INCLUDE%, and the mighty %SEARCH%.

Your installation of Foswiki Foswiki-1.1.3, Sat, 16 Apr 2011, build 11475 has the following registered macros:

ACTIVATEDPLUGINS -- list of currently activated plugins

ADDTOHEAD

This macro is deprecated. Please use VarADDTOZONE instead. It effecively is a shortcut for %ADDTOZONE{"head" ...}%

ADDTOZONE

%ADDTOZONE{
  "zone"
  ...
}%

Parameters:
  • "zone" optional, comma-separated list of the names of zones that the content should be added to. The only zones guaranteed to exist are head and script. Defaults to head.
  • id optional, identifier for the text being added with the ADDTOZONE call, to be used in the requires parameter of other ADDTOZONE calls.
    • HELP Multiple ADDTOZONE calls with the same id parameter will simply overwrite the earlier ADDTOZONE call.
  • requires="..." optional, comma separated string of ids of text within this zone that this content should follow when the zone is rendered.
  • text="..." optional, text to be added to the named zone, mutually exclusive with topic.
  • topic="..." optional, full qualified web.topic name that contains the text to be added, mutually exclusive with text. Defaults to %BASETOPIC%
  • section="..." optional, section of the topic to be added, defaults to the default section between STARTINCLUDE and STOPINCLUDE.

What is a "Zone"?

Zones are specific places in the output HTML that are marked by calls to the RENDERZONE macro. Zones are used to collect various content together, such as Javascript and CSS, that must be included in the output HTML in a specific order, and in a specific place.

There are two special zones called head and script. The head zone is rendered as part of the HTML head section. It is the catch-all container for any content supposed to be placed into the HTML head section, except Javascript, which is collected in the script zone.

All Javascript must always be added to the script zone exclusively, in order to grant ordering constraints among scripts are resolved properly. Never add Javascript to the head zone -- never add non-Javascript content to the script zone.

Both zones are added to the HTML head section automatically just before the closing </head> tag as if they were specified explicitly in the skin templates using:
<head>
...
%RENDERZONE{"head"}%
%RENDERZONE{"script"}%
</head>

You may create as many zones in addition to the standard head and script zones as you like. For any non-standard zone specified in ADDTOZONE you will also need to provide an appropriate RENDERZONE.

Interesting use cases in wiki applications:
  • Create a sidebar zone to add widgets,
  • Create a toolbar zone to add buttons icons
  • Create a menu zone to add menu entries

Adding content to a zone

ADDTOZONE adds content to a zone identified with the id parameter. An id identifier is unique within the zone that they are added to. When the same id is used in multiple calls to ADDTOZONE the last call will win, that is previous content of the same id will be overwritten.

Enforcing a linear order of content within a zone

An ADDTOZONE call may ensure that its content appears after the content of some other ADDTOZONE calls by specifying their ids in the requires parameter. The requires parameter constraints the linear order of content added to a zone. When a zone is rendered, all ordering constraints expressed via requires are satisfied. Those ids not found in a zone don't have any influence on the final ordering. Missing ids aren't considered an error rather than an over-specified ordering problem.

Working with {MergeHeadAndScriptZones} disabled (default)

In this mode, the head and script zones are treated separately.

Even when head and script zones are treated separately, the head zone will always be rendered before the script zone, unless otherwise specified using RENDERZONE explicitly. So any content in the script zone that depends on content placed into the head zone is satisfied intrinsicly as they are both rendered as specified above.

Working with {MergeHeadAndScriptZones} enabled

In this mode, the head and script zones are separate when adding to them, but may be treated as merged when you call RENDERZONE if there are any dependencies specified that only exist in the opposite zone. This allows an ADDTOZONE{"head"...} to to successfully require an id that has been added to script.

ALERT! {MergeHeadAndScriptZones} is provided to maintain compatibility with legacy extensions that use ADDTOHEAD to add <script> markup and require content that is now in the script zone. {MergeHeadAndScriptZones} will be removed from a future version of Foswiki.

Example: Adding to a zone with missing dependencies

You must ensure that no head content (and no inline Javascript) depends on script content. Any such dependency will be ignored.

In real world application this isn't a problem as Javascript is never added to the head zone or Javascript zone part of the script zone never really depends on non-Javascript content part of the head zone.

HTML comment decoration which normally appears after each id's content in the rendered HTML will contain a small informative text to aid debugging.

Example
%ADDTOZONE{
  "script"
  text="
  <script type='text/javascript'>
    alert('test');
  </script>"
  requires="some-id-that-exists-in-script"
  id="MY::TEST"
}%

Result
<script type='text/javascript'>
  alert('test');
</script>
<!-- MY::TEST: requires= missing ids: some-id-that-exists-in-script -->

Example: Adding Javascript to a page

Make sure that all inline Javascript code in the topic (if it is allowed) is added to the page using %ADDTOZONE{"script"...requires="library-id"}% with the appropriate library-id to guarantee a correct load order. For example, jQuery code should be added as follows:

%JQREQUIRE{"shake"}%
%ADDTOZONE{
   "script"
   id="MyApp::ShakePart"
   text="
   <script type='text/javascript'>
      jQuery('#something').shake(3, 10, 180);
   </script>"
   requires="JQUERYPLUGIN::SHAKE"
}%

where "MyApp::ShakePart" is a unique id to identify the text added to script; and JQUERYPLUGIN::SHAKE signifies that the content added with that identifier should appear beforehand.

Example: Adding CSS to a page

%ADDTOZONE{"head"
   id="MyCSS"
   text="
      <style type='text/css' media='all'>
         @import url('%PUBURLPATH%/%SYSTEMWEB%/MyCSS/foo.css');
      </style>"
}%

See also RENDERZONE, Using ADDTOZONE, Updating applications to use script zone

ALLVARIABLES -- list of currently defined macros

  • Syntax: %ALLVARIABLES%
  • Expands to: a table showing all defined macros in the current context

Deprecated 2009-04-29 in favour of SHOWPREFERENCE

AQUA -- start aqua colored text

  • AQUA is one of the shortcut macros predefined in DefaultPreferences. See the section shortcut macros in that topic for a complete list of colors.
    Example:
    %AQUA% aqua text %ENDCOLOR%
    Expands to: aqua text

    ALERT! %<color>% text must end with %ENDCOLOR%. If you want to switch from one color to another one you first need to end the active color with %ENDCOLOR%, e.g. write
    %RED% some text %ENDCOLOR% %GREEN% more text %ENDCOLOR%
Related: ENDCOLOR, DefaultPreferences, StandardColors

ATTACHURL -- full URL for attachments in the current topic

ATTACHURLPATH -- path of the attachment URL of the current topic

AUTHREALM -- authentication realm

  • String defined as {AuthRealm} expert option in configure. This is used in certain password encodings, and in login templates as part of the login prompt.
  • Syntax: %AUTHREALM%
  • Expands to: Enter your WikiName. (First name and last name, no space, no dots, capitalized, e.g. JohnSmith?). Cancel to register if you do not have one.
  • Related: UserAuthentication, SESSIONID, SESSIONVAR, LOGIN, LOGOUT, SESSION_VARIABLE

BASETOPIC -- base topic where an INCLUDE started

  • The name of the topic where a single or nested INCLUDE started - same as %TOPIC% if there is no INCLUDE
  • This is the name of the topic requested by the user.
  • Syntax: %BASETOPIC%
  • Related: BASEWEB, INCLUDINGTOPIC, INCLUDE, TOPIC

BASEWEB -- base web where an INCLUDE started

  • The web name where the includes started, e.g. the web of the first topic of nested includes. Same as %WEB% in case there is no include.
  • This is the name of the web requested by the user.
  • Syntax: %BASEWEB%
  • Related: BASETOPIC, INCLUDINGWEB, INCLUDE, WEB

BB -- bullet with line break

BB2 -- level 2 bullet with line break

  • Line break and bullet, level 2.
  • Current value: BB2 =
      •
  • Related: BR, BULLET, BB, BB3, BB4, VBAR

BB3 -- level 3 bullet with line break

  • Line break and bullet, level 3.
  • Current value: BB3 =
        •
  • Related: BR, BULLET, BB, BB2, BB4, VBAR

BB4 -- level 4 bullet with line break

  • Line break and bullet, level 4.
  • Current value: BB4 =
          •
  • Related: BR, BULLET, BB, BB2, BB3, VBAR

BLACK -- start black colored text

  • BLACK is one of the shortcut macros predefined in DefaultPreferences. See the section shortcut macros in that topic for a complete list of colors.
    Example:
    %BLACK% black text %ENDCOLOR%
    Expands to: black text

    ALERT! %<color>% text must end with %ENDCOLOR%. If you want to switch from one color to another one you first need to end the active color with %ENDCOLOR%, e.g. write
    %RED% some text %ENDCOLOR% %GREEN% more text %ENDCOLOR%
Related: ENDCOLOR, DefaultPreferences, StandardColors

BLUE -- start blue colored text

  • BLUE is one of the shortcut macros predefined in DefaultPreferences. See the section shortcut macros in that topic for a complete list of colors.
    Example:
    %BLUE% blue text %ENDCOLOR%
    Expands to: blue text

    ALERT! %<color>% text must end with %ENDCOLOR%. If you want to switch from one color to another one you first need to end the active color with %ENDCOLOR%, e.g. write
    %RED% some text %ENDCOLOR% %GREEN% more text %ENDCOLOR%
Related: ENDCOLOR, DefaultPreferences, StandardColors

BR -- line break

BROWN -- start brown colored text

  • BROWN is one of the shortcut macros predefined in DefaultPreferences. See the section shortcut macros in that topic for a complete list of colors.
    Example:
    %BROWN% brown text %ENDCOLOR%
    Expands to: brown text

    ALERT! %<color>% text must end with %ENDCOLOR%. If you want to switch from one color to another one you first need to end the active color with %ENDCOLOR%, e.g. write
    %RED% some text %ENDCOLOR% %GREEN% more text %ENDCOLOR%
Related: ENDCOLOR, DefaultPreferences, StandardColors

BULLET -- bullet character

BUTTON{"text" ...} -- renders a nice button

  • Parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    "text", value="text" text to be put on this button  
    accesskey access key used for this button  
    class extra class: use foswikiRight or foswikiLeft to specify aligment; use cyan, red, green for different background colors; use simple for a non-3D button  
    href url of the click target #
    icon icon to be put on the left; note, this can be any icon attached to the {IconSearchPath}; see also VarJQICON  
    id html id for this button  
    onclick javascript event triggered when clicking the button  
    onmouseout javascript event triggered when the pointer leaves the button  
    onmouseover javascript event triggered when the pointer hovers over the button  
    target topic to open when clicking on the button  
    title popup title displayed when hovering over the button  
    type type of action to be performed; available actions are
    • button: (default) normal click button, target specified in target or href parameter
    • clear: clears all input fields in the form that contains the button
    • reset: resets all input fields in a form to their initial value
    • submit: submits the form that contains the button
    • save: same as submit but takes care of extra validation steps when saving a wiki topic
    button
  • Example:
    %BUTTON{
        "%MAKETEXT{"Submit"}%"
        click="confirm('Are your sure?')"
      }%
      %BUTTON{
        "%MAKETEXT{"Cancel"}%"
        icon="cross"
        target="%WEB%.%TOPIC%"
      }% %CLEAR%
  • Expands as:
  • Note: BUTTONS are floating to the left by default. Take care to add a %CLEAR% after the %BUTTON{...}% so that further content does not overlap with the button.
  • Related: JQueryButton

CALC{"formula"} -- add spreadsheet calculations to tables and outside tables

  • The %CALC{"formula"}% macro is handled by the SpreadSheetPlugin. There are around 90 formulae, such as $ABS(), $EXACT(), $EXISTS(), $GET()/$SET(), $IF(), $LOG(), $LOWER(), $PERCENTILE(), $TIME(), $VALUE().
  • Syntax: %CALC{"formula"}%
  • Examples:
    • %CALC{"$SUM($ABOVE())"}% returns the sum of all cells above the current cell
    • %CALC{"$EXISTS(Web.SomeTopic)"}% returns 1 if the topic exists
    • %CALC{"$UPPER(Collaboration)"}% returns COLLABORATION
  • Related: IF, SpreadSheetPlugin

CARET -- caret symbol

COMMENT{ attributes } -- insert an edit box into the topic to easily add comments.

  • A %COMMENT% without parameters shows a simple text box.
  • The following standard attributes are recognized
    Name Description Default
    type This is the name of the template to use for this comment. Comment templates are defined in a Foswiki template - see Customisation, below. If this attribute is not defined, the type is whatever is defined by COMMENTPLUGIN_DEFAULT_TYPE, either in this topic or in your WebPreferences. below
    default Default text to put into the textarea of the prompt.  
    target Name of the topic to add the comment to the current topic
    location Regular expression specifying the comment location in the target topic. Read carefully the CommentPlugin documentation!  
    mode For compatibility with older versions only, synonymous with type  
    nonotify Set to "on" to disable change notification for target topics off
    noform Set to "on" to disable the automatic form that encloses your comment block - remember to insert <form> tags yourself! See CommentPluginExamples:noform for an example. off
    nopost Set to "on" to disable insertion of the posted text into the topic. off
    remove Set to "on" to remove the comment prompt after the first time it is clicked. off
    button Button label text Add comment

COVER -- current skin cover

  • %COVER% extends the skin search path. For instance, if SKIN is set to catskin, bearskin, and COVER is set to ruskin, the skin search path becomes ruskin, catskin, bearskin.
  • The COVER setting can be overridden using the URL parameter cover, such as ?cover=ruskin
  • Syntax: %COVER%
  • Expands to: %COVER%
  • See Skins for more information

DATE -- signature format date

DISPLAYTIME{"format"} -- formatted display time

  • Formatted time - either GMT or Local server time, depending on {DisplayTimeValues} setting in configure. Same format qualifiers as %GMTIME%
  • Syntax: %DISPLAYTIME% OR %DISPLAYTIME{"format"}%
  • %DISPLAYTIME% The time is shown as hh:mm (24 hour clock)
    • Expands to: 11 Jul 2014 - 21:40
  • Example:
    %DISPLAYTIME{"$hou:$min"}%
    expands to 21:40
  • Related: GMTIME, SERVERTIME

EDITACTION -- Selects an edit template

  • The EDITACTION preference setting lets you define the use of an editaction template instead of the standard edit. If EDITACTION is defined as text, then hide the form. If EDITACTION is defined as form hide the normal text area and only edit the form.
  • Syntax:
       * Set EDITACTION = text|form
  • Expands to: %EDITACTION%
    ALERT! When EDITACTION is defined as text or form the Edit and Edit Raw buttons simply add ;action=text or ;action=form to the URL for the edit script. If you have defined an EDITACTION preference setting you can still edit the topic content or the form by removing the ;action=form or ;action=text from the edit URL in the browser and reload.
  • Related: CommandAndCGIScripts#edit

EDITTABLE{ attributes } -- edit tables using edit fields and other input fields

  • The %EDITTABLE{}% macro is handled by the EditTablePlugin
  • Syntax: %EDITTABLE{ attributes }%

  • Supported attributes:
    Attribute Comment Default
    header Specify the header format of a new table like "|*Food*|*Drink*|". Useful to start a table with only a button (no header)
    format The format of one column when editing the table. A cell can be a text input field, or any of these edit field types:

    • Text input field (1 line):
      | text, <size>, <initial value> |

    • Textarea input field:
      | textarea, <rows>x<columns>, <initial value> |

    • Drop down box:
      | select, <size>, <option 1>, <option 2>, etc* |
      * only one item can be selected

    • Radio buttons:
      | radio, <size*>, <option 1>, <option 2>, etc |
      * size indicates the number of buttons per line in edit mode

    • Checkboxes:
      | checkbox, <size*>, <option 1>, <option 2>, etc |
      * size indicates the number of checkboxes per line in edit mode

    • Fixed label:
      | label, 0, <label text> |

    • Row number:
      | row, <offset> |

    • Date:
      | date, <size>, <initial value>, <DHTML date format> | (see Date Field Type)
    "text, 16"
    for all cells
    changerows Rows can be added and removed if "on"
    Rows can be added but not removed if "add"
    Rows cannot be added or removed if "off"
    CHANGEROWS
    plugin setting
    quietsave Quiet Save button is shown if "on", hidden if "off" QUIETSAVE
    plugin setting
    include Other topic defining the EDITTABLE parameters. The first %EDITTABLE% in the topic is used. This is useful if you have many topics with the same table format and you want to update the format in one place. Use topic or web.topic notation. (none)
    helptopic Topic name containing help text shown below the table when editing a table. The %STARTINCLUDE% and %STOPINCLUDE% macros can be used in the topic to specify what is shown. (no help text)
    headerislabel Table header cells are read-only (labels) if "on"; header cells can be edited if "off" or "0" "on"
    editbutton Set edit button text, e.g. "Edit this table"; set button image with alt text, e.g. "Edit table, %PUBURL%/%SYSTEMWEB%/DocumentGraphics/edittopic.gif"; hide edit button at the end of the table with "hide" (Note: Button is automatically hidden if an edit button is present in a cell) EDITBUTTON
    plugin setting
    buttonrow Set to top to put the edit buttons above the table. bottom
    javascriptinterface Use javascript to directly move and delete row without page refresh. Enable with "on", disable with "off". JAVASCRIPTINTERFACE
    plugin setting

Example:
%EDITTABLE{ format="| text, 20 | select, 1, one, two, three |" changerows="on" }%
| *Name* | *Type* |
| Foo    | two    |

Produces:

Name Type
Foo two
Related: See EditTablePlugin for more details

ENCODE{"string"} -- encodes a string

  • Encode character sequences in "string", by mapping characters (or sequences of characters) to an alternative character (or sequence of characters). This macro can be used to encode strings for use in URLs, to encode to HTML entities, to protect quotes, and for as many other uses as you can imagine.
  • Syntax: %ENCODE{"string"}%
  • Parameters:
    Parameter Description Default
    "string" String to encode "" (empty string)
    type="encodingname" Use a predefined encoding (see below). Default is 'url'. Parameter type not be used if old or new are given.
    old="tokenlist" Comma-separated list of tokens to replace. Tokens are normally single characters, but can also be sequences of characters. The standard format tokens may be used in this list. Each token must be unique - you cannot list the same token twice. May not be used with type; required if new is used
    new="tokenlist" comma-separated list of replacement tokens. The elements in this list match 1:1 with the elements in the old list. Again, the standard format tokens may be used. An empty element in the new list will result in the corresponding token in the old list being deleted from the string. If the new list is shorter than the old list it will be extended to the same length using the empty element. Tokens do not have to be unique.
    ALERT! When using old and new, be aware that the results of applying earlier tokens are not processed again using later tokens. (see examples below)
    May not be used with type; required if old is used
  • If ENCODE is called with no optional parameters (e.g. %ENCODE{"string"}%) then the default type="url" encoding will be used.
  • Predefined encodings.
    • Unless otherwise specified, the type parameter encodes the following "special characters"
      • all non-printable ASCII characters below space, except newline ("\n") and carriage return ("\r")
      • HTML special characters "<", ">", "&", single quote (') and double quote (")
      • TML special characters "%", "[", "]", "@", "_", "*", "=" and "|"
    • type="entity" Encode special characters into HTML entities, like a double quote into &#034;. Does not encode \n (newline).
    • type="html" As type="entity" except it also encodes \n (newline)
    • type="safe" Encode just the characters '"<>% into HTML entities.
    • type="quotes" Escapes double quotes with backslashes (\"), does not change any other characters
    • type="url" Encode special characters for use in URL parameters, like a double quote into %22
  • Examples
       %ENCODE{"spaced name"}%= expands to
          spaced%20name
       %ENCODE{"| Blah | | More blah |" old="|,$n" new="&#124;,<br />"}% expands to
          | Blah | | More blah |
          - this encoding is useful to protect special TML characters in tables.
       %ENCODE{"10xx1x01x" old="1,x,0" new="A,,B"}% expands to
          ABABA
       %ENCODE{"1,2" old="$comma" new=";"}% expands to
          1;2
  • Values for HTML input fields must be entity encoded.
    Example:
    <input type="text" name="address" value="%ENCODE{ "any text" type="entity" }%" />
  • ENCODE can be used to filter user input from URL parameters and similar to help protect against cross-site scripting. The safest approach is to use type="entity". This can however prevent an application from fully working. You can alternatively use type="safe" which encodes only the characters '"<>% into HTML entities. When ENCODE is passing a string inside another macro always use double quotes ("") type="quote". For maximum protection against cross-site scripting you are advised to install the Foswiki:Extensions.SafeWikiPlugin.

  • Double quotes in strings must be escaped when passed into other macros.
    Example:
    %SEARCH{ "%ENCODE{ "string with "quotes"" type="quotes" }%" noheader="on" }%
    ALERT! When using old and new, be aware that the results of applying earlier tokens are not processed again using later tokens. For example:
       %ENCODE{"A" old="A,B" new="B,C"}% will result in 'B' (not 'C'),
       %ENCODE{"asd" old="as,d" new="d,f"}% will yield 'df', and
       %ENCODE{"A" old="A,AA" new="AA,B"}% will give 'AA' and.
       %ENCODE{"asdf" old="a,asdf" new="a,2"}% will give 'asdf'
  • Related: URLPARAM

ENDCOLOR -- end colored text

ENDSECTION{"name"} -- marks the end of a named section within a topic

  • Syntax: %ENDSECTION{"name"}%
  • Syntax: %ENDSECTION{type="include"}%
  • Supported parameter:
    Parameter: Description:
    "name" Name of the section.
    type="..." Type of the section being terminated; supported types "section", "include", "expandvariables", "templateonly".
  • If the STARTSECTION is named, the corresponding ENDSECTION must also be named with the same name. If the STARTSECTION specifies a type, then the corresponding ENDSECTION must also specify the same type. If the section is unnamed, ENDSECTION will match with the nearest unnamed %STARTSECTION% of the same type above it.
  • Related: STARTSECTION

ENDTAB -- ending marker for a tab of a tabpane

ENDTABPANE -- ending tag for tabpane widget

ENDTWISTY

Twisty closure, complements the opening TWISTY tag.

ENDTWISTYTOGGLE

The Twisty closure

ENV{"varname"} -- inspect the value of an environment variable

  • Returns the current value of the environment variable in the CGI (Common Gateway Interface) environment. This is the environment that the CommandAndCGIScripts are running in.
  • Note: For security reasons, only those environment variables whose names match the regular expression in {AccessibleENV} in the Security Settings/Miscellaneous section of configure can be displayed. Any other variable will just be shown as an empty string, irrespective of its real value.
  • Example: %ENV{MOD_PERL}% displays as: not set
  • If an environment variable is undefined (as against being set to the empty string) it will be returned as not set.
  • Related: HTTP_HOST, REMOTE_ADDR, REMOTE_PORT, REMOTE_USER

EXAMPLETAG -- example variable

  • The %EXAMPLETAG{}% variable is handled by the ExamplePlugin?
  • Syntax: %EXAMPLETAG{"text" format="..."}%
  • Parameter text="..." - example text.
  • Parameter format="..." - format of report.
  • Example: %EXAMPLETAG{"hello" format="| $topic: $summary |"}%
  • Related: ExamplePlugin?

EXPAND{"expression" scope="topictoexpandin" ...}%

Expands macros in expression as if they were used in the topic topictoexpandin. The viewer must have VIEW access to topictoexpandin for this to work. All the standard formatting macros can be used in expression, such as $percent and $quot.

EXPAND can be useful when you want to pick up the value of macros defined in another topic. For example, you might want to define a set of preferences in one topic, but pick up their value in another topic (this is very useful when building reusable applications). In this case you can write:
   * Set MYPREFERENCE = value
in "SettingsTopic" and then, in "MyTopic", write:
%EXPAND{"$percentMYPREFERENCE$percent" scope="SettingsTopic"}%
Of course we can also write:
%EXPAND{"$percentMYPREFERENCE$percent" scope="%OTHERTOPIC%"}%
which lets us select which other topic to get the preference value from.

Additional parameters can be passed to the macro being expanded using the standard macro syntax in the name of the macro; for example,

%EXPAND{"$percentMYPREFERENCE{$quotdefault$quot param=$quotvalue$quot}" scope="SettingsTopic"}%

Notes:
  • EXPAND is not very efficient, and should be used sparingly.
  • To expand a web preference (for example, a web access control) then set scope="Theotherweb.%WEBPREFSTOPIC%"

FAILEDPLUGINS -- debugging for plugins that failed to load, and handler list

FORMAT{"list" format="" header="" footer="" separator=""} -- format a list of objects

  • Syntax: %FORMAT{"list"}%
  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    "one, two, three" The list to be expanded into the format. Required. Currently only two types of list data are supported; topic names (type="topic") and plain strings (type="string"). ""
    format="..." Format string; see Supported formatting tokens for possible values. ""
    header="..." Text to come before the formatted output ""
    footer="..." Text to come after the formatted output ""
    separator="n" Separator between formatted elements "$n"
    type="" Treat input list as either topic or string "topic"
  • Examples:
       %FORMAT{"one,two,three" type="string" format="   * $item"}%
       %FORMAT{"%SKIN%"
          header="the Skin setting is evaluated in this order:"
          format="   1 =$topic="
          footer="   1 =default="
       }%
  • Related: SEARCH

Supported formatting tokens

If type="topic" (the default) the format string can contain any of the topic-specific format tokens specified in FormattedSearch ($web, $topic, $parent, $text, $locked, $date, $isodate, $index, $item, $rev, $username, $wikiname, $wikiusername, $createdate, $createusername, $createwikiname, $createwikiusername, $summary, $changes, $formname, $formfield, $pattern, $count, $ntopics, $nhits, $pager). In addition, the macro supports all the standard format tokens.

If type="string" then the comma separated list is treated as a list of strings. In this case, the format tokens $index and $item will return the position of the item in the list (1-based), and the item itself, respectively. Note that a comma can be embedded in the data using the standard formatting token $comma.

The FORMAT macro is currently only of use in formatting lists of topics, or of simple strings. It will be extended in future releases to add the capability to render other object types.

IDEA! For more sophisticated handling of string lists, consider installing Foswiki:Extensions.FilterPlugin.

FORMFIELD{"fieldname"} -- renders a field in the form attached to some topic

  • Syntax: %FORMFIELD{"fieldname"}%
  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    "fieldname" The name of a Data form field required
    topic="..." Topic where form data is located. May be of the form Web.TopicName Current topic
    format="..." Format string. $value expands to the field value, and $name expands to the field name, $title to the field title, $form to the name of the form the field is in. The standard format tokens are also expanded. "$value"
    default="..." Text shown if the field is defined in the topic, but the field value is empty. For example, a text field for which all the content has been deleted. ""
    alttext="..." Text shown if the field is not defined in the topic (even if it is specified in the form definition). For example, this is used when a field exists in the form definition, but the referring topic hasn't been edited since it was added. ""
    rev="n" Specifiy a revision of the topic. If not specified, defaults to the most recent rev (or the viewed rev if viewing an old rev of the same topic)
  • Example:
     %FORMFIELD{"ProjectName"
       topic="Projects.SushiProject"
       default="(no project name given)"
       alttext="ProjectName field not found in form"
     }%
  • Related: SEARCH

GMTIME{"format"} -- formatted GM time

  • Syntax: %GMTIME% OR %GMTIME{"format"}%
  • %GMTIME% uses the default date format defined by the {DefaultDateFormat} setting in configure
    • expands to 11 Jul 2014 - 21:40
  • Supported special format tokens:
    Token: Unit: Example
    $seconds seconds 59
    $minutes minutes 59
    $hours hours 23
    $day day of month 31
    $wday day of the Week (Sun, Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat) Thu
    $dow day of the week (Sun = 0) 2
    $week number of week in year (ISO 8601) 34
    $month short name of month Dec
    $mo 2 digit month 12
    $year 4 digit year 1999
    $ye 2 digit year 99
    $tz either "GMT" (if set to gmtime), or "Local" (if set to servertime) GMT
    $iso ISO format timestamp 2014-07-11T21:40:55Z
    $rcs RCS format timestamp 2014/07/11 21:40:55
    $http E-mail & http format timestamp Fri, 11 Jul 2014 21:40:55 GMT
    $epoch Number of seconds since 00:00 on 1st January, 1970 1405114855
  • Tokens can be shortened to 3 characters
  • Example:
    %GMTIME{"$day $month, $year - $hour:$min:$sec"}%
    expands to
    11 Jul, 2014 - 21:40:55
    ALERT! When used in a template topic, this macro will be expanded when the template is used to create a new topic. See TemplateTopics#TemplateTopicsVars for details.
  • Related: GMTIME, REVINFO, SERVERTIME

GRAY -- start gray colored text

  • GRAY is one of the shortcut macros predefined in DefaultPreferences. See the section shortcut macros in that topic for a complete list of colors.
    Example:
    %GRAY% gray text %ENDCOLOR%
    Expands to: gray text

    ALERT! %<color>% text must end with %ENDCOLOR%. If you want to switch from one color to another one you first need to end the active color with %ENDCOLOR%, e.g. write
    %RED% some text %ENDCOLOR% %GREEN% more text %ENDCOLOR%
Related: ENDCOLOR, DefaultPreferences, StandardColors

GREEN -- start green colored text

  • GREEN is one of the shortcut macros predefined in DefaultPreferences. See the section shortcut macros in that topic for a complete list of colors.
    Example:
    %GREEN% green text %ENDCOLOR%
    Expands to: green text

    ALERT! %<color>% text must end with %ENDCOLOR%. If you want to switch from one color to another one you first need to end the active color with %ENDCOLOR%, e.g. write
    %RED% some text %ENDCOLOR% %GREEN% more text %ENDCOLOR%
Related: ENDCOLOR, DefaultPreferences, StandardColors

GROUPINFO{"name"} -- retrieve details about a group

  • Syntax: %GROUPINFO%
    • Expands to: comma-separated list of all groups
  • Syntax: %GROUPINFO{"groupname"}%
    • Expands to: comma-separated list of users in that group
  • Parameters:
    format Format of a single user or group in the list.
    • $name expands to the group name, and (for users list only)
    • $wikiname, $username and $wikiusername to the relevant strings.
    • $allowschange returns 0 (false) or 1 (true) if that group can be modified by the current user.
    • $allowschange(UserWikiName) returns 0 (false) or 1 (true) if that group can be modified by the specified user (does not work for groups yet.).
    • The standard FormatTokens are also supported.
    $name for groups list, $wikiusername for users list
    separator separator between items in the list ,
    header Header for the list ''
    footer Footer for the list ''
    zeroresults If set, and there are no Groups or Members that can be shown, the header and footer are suppressed, and this text is output undefined
    show filter the output list of Groups - can be set to all, allowschange, denychange, allowschange(UserWikiName), denychange(UserWikiName) all
    expand Set false if users should not be expanded from nested groups. Default behavior is to expand all nested groups into a flat list of users. 1
    limit If set, limits the number of results to this infinity
    limited If limit is set, and the list is truncated, this text will be added at the end of the list ''

ALERT! Note: GROUPINFO will not list members that are hidden from the current authenticated user. If the current user does not have VIEW authority for a user's topic, then the user will not be shown as a group member.

GROUPS -- a formatted list of groups

Deprecated - do not use. Use VarGROUPINFO instead

H -- help icon

HISTORY{ attributes } -- control attributes of tables and sorting of table columns

  • The %HISTORY{}% macro is handled by the HistoryPlugin
  • Syntax: %HISTORY{ attributes }%

Argument Description Default value
none Default layout: a simple list of topic revisions using the default format (see below)  
"format" or format="string" Format of one line, may include any variable which is supported by macro REVINFO "r$rev - $date - $wikiusername"
topic="topic" Topic name, can be in web.topic format current topic
web="web" Web name current web
versions="number or range" Number or range (format: from..to). Examples:
To get version 2, write: versions="2"
To get version 2 to 3, write: versions="2..3"
To get version 2 to the latest, write: versions="2.."
To get all versions up to version 5, write: versions="..5"
To get all versions up to but not including the latest, write: versions="..-1"
To get the versions from 1 to 5 in reverse order, write: versions="5..1"
all versions in the order latest to first
header="text" Text to print before the list.
May contain the tokens $next and $previous which will be evaluated if there are newer or older revisions available for the topic that are not listed according to versions (or rev1, rev2, nrev).
These tokens take the syntax $next{'some text' url='url'} (the same for $previous). 'some text' is the text which should be printed, 'url' is the url for the corresponding link.
The tokens $rev1, $rev2, $nrev in 'text' or 'url' will be replaced by appropriate values for the next or previous block of revisions. See the attached oopshistory.tmpl for an example of how to use this.
"$next"
footer="text" Text to print after the list. May contain the tokens $next and $previous (see header) "$previous"

Deprecated (but supported) parameters:
Argument Description Default value
nrev="number" Number of revisions to show. Ignored if versions is specified, or if both rev1 and rev2 are specified. 10
rev2="number" Newest revision to show rev1+nrev if rev1 is specified, latest revision otherwise
rev1="number" Oldest revision to show rev2-nrev
reverse="boolean" Show newest revisions first, if on "on"

Additional macros

The following macros are replaced only if there is a corresponding %HISTORY% on the page. If more than one %HISTORY% is used on the same page, the values from the last one will be used.

  • %HISTORY_REV1%: Oldest revision from the printed history
  • %HISTORY_REV2%: Latest revision from the printed history
  • %HISTORY_NREV%: Number of the printed revisions
  • %HISTORY_MAXREV%: Latest available revision of the topic

HOMETOPIC -- home topic in each web

HTTP -- get HTTP headers

HTTP_HOST -- environment variable

HTTPS -- get HTTPS headers

  • The same as %HTTP% but operates on the HTTPS environment variables present when the SSL protocol is in effect. Can be used to determine whether SSL is turned on.
  • Syntax: %HTTPS%
  • Syntax: %HTTPS{"Header-name"}%
  • Related: HTTP, REMOTE_ADDR, REMOTE_PORT, REMOTE_USER

I -- idea icon

ICON{"name" alt="" default="name"} -- small documentation graphic or icon of common attachment types

  • Generates a small graphic image from the set attached to DocumentGraphics. Images typically have a 16x16 pixel size. You can select a specific image by name, or you can give a full filename, in which case the type of the file will be used to select one of a collection of common file type icons.
  • if you specify an icon which cannot be found, the one specified in the default parameter will be used (and if that fails, the 'else' icon will be used)
  • Syntax: =%ICON{ "filename or icon name" [ default="filename or icon name" ] [ alt="alt text to be added to the HTML img tag" ] }%
  • Examples:
    • %ICON{"flag-gray"}% displays as flag-gray
    • %ICON{"pdf"}% displays as pdf
    • %ICON{"docx" default="doc"}% displays as docx
    • %ICON{"smile.pdf"}% displays as smile.pdf
    • %ICON{"/dont/you/dare/smile.pdf"}% returns /dont/you/dare/smile.pdf
    • %ICON{"data.unknown" alt="Unknown file type"}% displays as Unknown file type
    • %ICON{"data.unknown"}% displays as data.unknown
    • %ICON{"http://trunk.foswiki.org/pub/System/DocumentGraphics/xsl.gif"}% displays http://trunk.foswiki.org/pub/System/DocumentGraphics/xsl.gif
  • Graphic samples: arrowbright arrowbright, bubble bubble, choice-yes choice-yes, hand hand
  • File type samples: bmp bmp, doc doc, gif gif, hlp hlp, html html, mp3 mp3, pdf pdf, ppt ppt, txt txt, xls xls, xml xml, zip zip
  • Related: ICONURL, ICONURLPATH, DefaultPreferences, FileAttachments, DocumentGraphics

ICONURL{"name" default="name"} -- URL of small documentation graphic or icon

  • Generates the full URL of a DocumentGraphics image, which Foswiki renders as an image. The related %ICON{"name"}% generates the full HTML img tag. Specify image name or full filename (see ICON for details on filenames.)
  • Syntax: %ICONURL{"name"}%
  • Examples:
    • %ICONURL{"arrowbright"}% returns http://www.eugenemakerspace.com/wiki/pub/System/DocumentGraphics/arrowbright.png
    • %ICONURL{"novel.pdf"}% returns http://www.eugenemakerspace.com/wiki/pub/System/DocumentGraphics/pdf.png
    • %ICONURL{"/queen/boheme.mp3"}% returns http://www.eugenemakerspace.com/wiki/pub/System/DocumentGraphics/mp3.png
  • Related: ICONURLPATH, ICON, DefaultPreferences, FileAttachments, DocumentGraphics

ICONURLPATH{"name" default="name"} -- URL path of small documentation graphic or icon

  • Generates the relative URL path of a DocumentGraphics image, typically used in an HTML img tag. Specify image name or full filename (see ICON for details on filenames.)
  • Syntax: %ICONURLPATH{"name"}%
  • Examples:
    • %ICONURLPATH{"locktopic"}% returns /wiki/pub/System/DocumentGraphics/locktopic.png
    • %ICONURLPATH{"eggysmell.xml"}% returns /wiki/pub/System/DocumentGraphics/xml.png
    • %ICONURLPATH{"/doc/xhtml.xsl"}% returns /wiki/pub/System/DocumentGraphics/xsl.png
  • Related: ICONURL, ICON, DefaultPreferences, FileAttachments, DocumentGraphics

IF{"condition" ...} -- simple conditionals

  • Evaluate a condition and show one text or another based on the result. See details in IfStatements
  • Syntax:
    %IF{"CONDITION" then="THEN" else="ELSE"}%
    shows
    "THEN" if "CONDITION" evaluates to TRUE, otherwise "ELSE" will be shown
  • Example:
     %IF{"defined FUNFACTOR"
       then="FUNFACTOR is defined"
       else="FUNFACTOR is not defined"
     }%
    renders as
    FUNFACTOR is not defined
  • Related: $IF() of SpreadSheetPlugin

INCLUDE{"topic"} -- include other topic.

  • Syntax: %INCLUDE{"topic" ...}% (See also the URL form of %INCLUDE%)
  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter:Sorted ascending Description: Default:
    "SomeTopic" The name of a topic located in the current web, i.e. %INCLUDE{"WebNotify"}%  
    "Web.Topic" A topic in another web, i.e. %INCLUDE{"System.SiteMap"}%  
    PARONE="val 1"
    PARTWO="val 2"
    Any other parameter will be defined as a macro within the scope of the included topic. The example parameters on the left will result in %PARONE% and %PARTWO% being defined within the included topic.  
    pattern="..." Include a subset of a topic or a web page. Specify a RegularExpression that contains the text you want to keep in parenthesis, e.g. pattern="(from here.*?to here)". IncludeTopicsAndWebPages has more. none
    rev="2" Include a previous topic revision; N/A for URLs top revision
    section="name" Includes only the specified named section, as defined in the included topic by the STARTSECTION and ENDSECTION macros. Nothing is shown if the named section does not exists. section="" is equivalent to not specifying a section  
    warn="off" Warn if topic include fails: Fail silently (if off); output default warning (if set to on); else, output specific text (use $topic for topic name) %INCLUDEWARNING% preferences setting
  • Examples: See IncludeTopicsAndWebPages
  • Related: BASETOPIC, BASEWEB, INCLUDE("URL"), INCLUDE("doc:") ,INCLUDINGTOPIC, INCLUDINGWEB, STARTINCLUDE, STOPINCLUDE, STARTSECTION, ENDSECTION

INCLUDE{"url"} -- include a web page

  • Syntax: %INCLUDE{"http://..." ...}% (See also the topic form of %INCLUDE%)
  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    "http://..." A full qualified URL, i.e. %INCLUDE{"http://foswiki.org:80/index.html"}%. Supported content types are text/html and text/plain.
    IDEA! If the URL resolves to an attachment file on the server this will automatically translate to a server-side include.
     
    pattern="..." Include a subset of a topic or a web page. Specify a RegularExpression that contains the text you want to keep in parenthesis, e.g. pattern="(from here.*?to here)". IncludeTopicsAndWebPages has more. none
    raw="on" When a page is included, normally Eugene Maker Space Wiki will process it, doing the following: 1) Alter relative links to point back to originating host, 2) Remove some basic HTML tags (html, head, body, script) and finally 3) Remove newlines from HTML tags spanning multiple lines. If you prefer to include exactly what is in the source of the originating page set this to on.
    raw="on" is short for disableremoveheaders="on", disableremovescript="on", disableremovebody="on", disablecompresstags="on" and disablerewriteurls="on".
    disabled
    literal="on" While using the raw option will indeed include the raw content, the included content will still be processed and rendered like regular topic content. To disable parsing of the included content, set the literal option to "on". disabled
    disableremoveheaders="on" Bypass stripping headers from included HTML (everything until first </head> tag) disabled
    disableremovescript="on" Bypass stripping all <script> tags from included HTML disabled
    disableremovebody="on" Bypass stripping the </body> tag and everything around over and below it disabled
    disablecompresstags="on" Bypass replacing newlines in HTML tags with spaces. This compression step rewrites unmatched <'s into &lt; entities unless bypassed disabled
    disablerewriteurls="on" Bypass rewriting relative URLs into absolute ones disabled
    warn="off" Warn if URL include fails: Fail silently (if off); output default warning (if set to on); else, output specific text (use $topic for topic name) appended with the http error information. %INCLUDEWARNING% preferences setting

    HELP JavaScript in included webpages is filtered out as a security precaution per default (disable filter with disableremovescript parameter)

    ALERT! Foswiki by default is configured to deny URL format includes.
  • Examples: See IncludeTopicsAndWebPages
  • Related: INCLUDE("topic")

INCLUDE{"doc:"} -- include Foswiki embedded module documentation

INCLUDINGTOPIC -- name of topic that includes current topic

  • The name of the topic that includes the current topic - same as %TOPIC% in case there is no include
  • If a topic is used in a chain of INCLUDEs, INCLUDINGTOPIC is set to the topic directly INCLUDing this one, NOT the topic that has been requested by the user (which is set in BASETOPIC)
    ALERT! While this Macro may appear to work, unless you require the subtle difference between INCLUDINGTOPIC and BASETOPIC, you probably should use BASETOPIC
  • Syntax: %INCLUDINGTOPIC%
  • Related: BASETOPIC, INCLUDINGWEB, INCLUDE, TOPIC

INCLUDINGWEB -- web that includes current topic

  • The web name of the topic that includes the current topic - same as %WEB% if there is no INCLUDE.
  • If a topic is used in a chain of INCLUDEs, INCLUDINGWEB is set to the topic directly INCLUDing this one, NOT the web that has been requested by the user (which is set in BASEWEB)
    ALERT! While this Macro may appear to work, unless you require the subtle difference between INCLUDINGWEB and BASEWEB, you probably should use BASEWEB
  • Syntax: %INCLUDINGWEB%
  • Related: BASEWEB, INCLUDINGTOPIC, INCLUDE, WEB

JQICON{"name" ...} -- render an image

  • This renders an icon image as found on an icon search path. The icon search path is configured in {JQueryPlugin}{IconSearchPath} and defaults to FamFamFamSilkIcons, FamFamFamSilkCompanion1Icons, FamFamFamFlagIcons, FamFamFamMiniIcons, FamFamFamMintIcons'. The named icon will be picked found first on this path of topics where icons are attached to. The JQICON leverages the general icon loading mechanism as implemented by the JQueryPlugin and used by BUTTON as well.
  • Parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    "name" name of the icon to display  
    class additional css class for the img tag  
    alt   alt attribute
    title title attribute  
    format format string used to render the icon; known variables to be used in the format string are:
    • $iconPath: url path
    • $iconClass: css class as specified by the class parameter
    • $iconAlt: alt attribute-value; if the alt parameter to JQICON is set, this expands to alt='...'
    • $iconTitle: title attribute-value; if the title parameter to JQICON is set, this expands to title='...'
    <img src='$iconPath' class='$iconClass' $iconAlt$iconTitle/>
  • Example:
         %JQICON{"tick" alt="alternative content" title="this is a tick icon"}%
         %JQICON{"cross"}%
         %JQICON{"disk"}%
         %JQICON{"star"}%
         %JQICON{"lightbulb"}%
         %JQICON{"camera"}%
         %JQICON{"date"}%
         
    Produces: alternative content cross disk star lightbulb camera date
  • Related: VarJQICONPATH, VarICON, JQueryPlugin, FamFamFamSilkIcons

JQICONPATH{"name"} -- render the urlpath to an image

  • This is a shortcut for
    %JQICON{"name" format="$iconPath"}%
  • Example: /wiki/pub/System/FamFamFamSilkIcons/tick.png
  • Related: VarJQICON, VarICONURL, JQueryPlugin

JQPLUGINS{"plugins" ... } -- display a summary of available plugins

  • Parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    "plugins" this is a regular expression that the plugin identifier must match to be displayed  
    format format string to render information for each matching plugin; known variables to be used in the format string are:
    • active: state of the plugin: displays (active) when this plugin is loaded on the current page
    • author: author of the plugin
    • documentation: plugin documentation topic defaults to %SYSTEMWEB%.JQuery$name
    • homepage: link to the hompeage of this third party plugin
    • index: the current index in the list of all plugins being displayed
    • name: name of the plugin as can be used in JQREQUIRE
    • summary: short description what this plugin does; most plugins provide this piece of information in the summary section of the documentation topic
    • tags: list of TML macros this plugin implements
    • version: version of the plugin as provided by the author of this plugin
       1 <a href="$homepage">$name</a> $active $version $author
    header header string prepended to the output; empty when no plugin matches  
    footer footer string appended to the output; empty when no plugin matches  
    separator separator put between each plugin rendered in a row $n
    tagformat format string to render a link to any tag documentation a plugin implements [[%SYSTEMWEB%.Var$tag][$tag]]
  • Example:
     %JQPLUGINS{
       "treeview|slimbox"
       header="   * JQuery Plugins:$n"
       format="      * [[$documentation][$name]] v$version was developed by [[$homepage][$author]]"
     }%
    Produces:
  • JQuery Plugins:
  • Related: JQueryPlugin

JQREQUIRE{"plugin, plugin, ... "} -- enable a plugin on the current page

  • This macro will load a list of plugins to be added to the current page. Use JQPLUGINS to display the list of available and active plugins. While loading a plugin, additional plugins it may depend on are loaded as well. Information about these dependencies is stored within the plugins themselves and can't be changed. Dependencies also make sure the javascript code is added to the html page in the right order. It uses ADDTOZONE to aggregate javascript and css at the right place on the html page.
  • Parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    "plugin[, plugin, plugin]" list of plugins to be loaded  
    warn (on/off) allows you to switch off warnings when a plugin was not found on
  • Related: JQueryPlugin, VarJQPLUGINS, VarADDTOZONE

JQTHEME{"name" ...} -- switch jQuery UI theme

  • Foswiki's default UI theme is configured in $Foswiki::cfg{JQueryPlugin}{JQueryTheme} and defaults to base. Use configure to change this site wide. Use JQTHEME if you decide to use a different theme on the current page.
  • Note: some Foswiki skins may come with their own jQuery UI matching the overall user experience of the web design.
  • Parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    "name" name of theme: JQueryPlugin knows the following themes base, lightness, redmod, smoothness; additional themes maybe created using the themeroller and installed to /wiki/pub/System/JQueryPlugin/$name base
  • Related: JQueryUI

LANG -- the lang attribute of generated HTML pages

  • In templates the lang attribute is defined like this:
    <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="%LANG%" lang="%LANG%">
  • The value is read from configure setting {Site}{Locale}
  • Do not confuse LANG with LANGUAGE
  • Syntax: %LANG%
  • Expands to: en_US

LANGUAGE -- current user's language

  • Returns the language code for the language used as the current user. This is the language actually used by Foswiki (e.g. in user interface).
  • The language is detected from the user's browser, unless some site/web/user/session-defined setting overrides it:
    • If the LANGUAGE preference is set, it's used as user's language instead of any language detected from the browser.
    • Avoid defining LANGUAGE at a non per-user way, so each user can choose his/her preferred language.
  • Related: LANGUAGES

LANGUAGES -- list available languages

  • List the languages available (as PO files). These are the languages in which the user interface is available.
  • Syntax: %LANGUAGES{...}%
  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    format format for each item. See below for format tokens available in the format string. "   * $langname"
    separator separator between items. "\n" (newline)
    marker="selected" Text for $marker if the item matches selection "selected"
    selection="%LANGUAGE%" Current language to be selected in list (none)
  • format tokens:
    Token Meaning
    $langname language's name, as informed by the translators
    $langtag language's tag. Ex: en, pt-br, etc.
  • Example: <select>%LANGUAGES{format="<option $marker value='$langtag'>$langname</option>" selection="%LANGUAGE%"}%</select> creates an option list of the available languages with the current language selected

LIME -- start lime colored text

  • LIME is one of the shortcut macros predefined in DefaultPreferences. See the section shortcut macros in that topic for a complete list of colors.
    Example:
    %LIME% lime text %ENDCOLOR%
    Expands to: lime text

    ALERT! %<color>% text must end with %ENDCOLOR%. If you want to switch from one color to another one you first need to end the active color with %ENDCOLOR%, e.g. write
    %RED% some text %ENDCOLOR% %GREEN% more text %ENDCOLOR%
Related: ENDCOLOR, DefaultPreferences, StandardColors

LOCALSITEPREFS -- web.topicname of site preferences topic

  • The full name of the local site preferences topic. These local site preferences overload the system level preferences defined in System.DefaultPreferences.
  • Syntax: %LOCALSITEPREFS%
  • Expands to: Main.SitePreferences, renders as SitePreferences

LOGIN -- present a full login link

LOGOUT -- present a full logout link

TIP You are already logged out, so %LOGOUT expands to an empty string

M -- moved to... icon

MAINWEB -- synonym for USERSWEB

ALERT! Deprecated. Please use %USERSWEB% instead.

MAKETEXT -- creates text using Foswiki's I18N infrastructure

Strings captured in the MAKETEXT macro are automatically mapped to the current user's selected language via locale/*.po translation files.
  • Syntax: %MAKETEXT{"string" args="..."}%
  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter Description Default
    "text" or string="text" The text to be displayed (the translatable string). none
    args="param1, param2" a comma-separated list of arguments to be interpolated in the string, replacing [_N] placeholders in it. none
  • Examples:
      %MAKETEXT{string="Notes:"}%
      expands to:
        Notes:
    
      %MAKETEXT{
        "If you have any questions, please contact [_1]."
        args="%WIKIWEBMASTER%"
      }%
      expands to:
        If you have any questions, please contact webmaster@eugeneweb.com.
    
      %MAKETEXT{
        "Did you want to [[[_1]][reset [_2]'s password]]?"
        args="%SYSTEMWEB%.ResetPassword,%WIKIUSERNAME%"
      }%
      expands to:
        Did you want to [[System.ResetPassword][reset Main.WikiGuest's password]]?
  • Notes:
    • An ampersand (&) followed by one ascii alphabetic character (a...z, A...Z) in the translatable string will be expanded to an access key string. For example, &X will expand to <span class='foswikiAccessKey'>X</span>. If you want to write an actual ampersand, either follow it with a non-alphabetic character or write two consecutive ampersands (&&).
    • Translatable strings starting with underscores (_) are reserved. You cannot use translatable phrases starting with an underscore.
    • Make sure that the translatable string is constant. Do not include %MACROS% inside the translatable strings as they will be expanded before the %MAKETEXT{...}% itself is handled. You can, however, use macros in the args, as shown in the examples above.
    • The string will be output in English if no mapping can be found in the .po translation file for the current user's selected language.

MAROON -- start maroon colored text

  • MAROON is one of the shortcut macros predefined in DefaultPreferences. See the section shortcut macros in that topic for a complete list of colors.
    Example:
    %MAROON% maroon text %ENDCOLOR%
    Expands to: maroon text

    ALERT! %<color>% text must end with %ENDCOLOR%. If you want to switch from one color to another one you first need to end the active color with %ENDCOLOR%, e.g. write
    %RED% some text %ENDCOLOR% %GREEN% more text %ENDCOLOR%
Related: ENDCOLOR, DefaultPreferences, StandardColors

META -- displays meta-data

Provided mainly for use in templates, this macro generates the parts of the topic view that relate to meta-data (attachments, forms etc.).

Syntax: %META{ "item" ...}%

Parameters:
  • "form" - generates the table showing the form fields. See Form Definition |
  • "attachments" - generate a table of attachments
    • all="on" to show hidden attachments.
    • title="..." to show a title - only if attachments are displayed.
    • template="..." to use a custom template for the rendering of attachments; default attachtables is used.
  • "moved" - if a topic was moved or renamed, generates a message with details and a revert link
    • prefix="...": Prefix that goes before the moved message, but only if the message is generated, default "".
    • suffix="...": Prefix that goes after the moved message, but only if the message is generated, default "".
  • "parent" - display details of ancestor topics
    • dontrecurse="on": By default recurses up tree, this has some cost. Equivalent to depth=1
    • depth="...": Return only the specified ancestor.
    • nowebhome="on": Suppress WebHome.
    • format="...": Format string used to display each parent topic where $web expands to the web name, and $topic expands to the topic name; default: "[[$web.$topic][$topic]]"
    • separator="...": Separator between parents; default " > "
    • prefix="...": Prefix that goes before parents, but only if there are parents, default "".
    • suffix="...": Suffix, only appears if there are parents; default "".
  • "formfield" - display the value of a single form field
    • name="...": name of the field.
    • newline="...": by default, each newline character will be rewritten to <br /> to allow metadata that contains newlines to be used in tables, etc. $n indicates a newline character.
    • bar="...": by default, each vertical bar is rewritten to an HTML entity so as to not be mistaken for a table separator.
ALERT! Use of "formfield" is deprecated in favour of the much more powerful QUERY macro.

Related: QUERY

METASEARCH -- special search of meta data

ALERT! METASEARCH is deprecated in favour of the new and much more powerful query type search. See SEARCH and QuerySearch.

  • Syntax: %METASEARCH{...}%
  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    type="topicmoved" What sort of search is required?
    "topicmoved" if search for a topic that may have been moved
    "parent" if searching for topics that have a specific parent i.e. its children
    "field" if searching for topics that have a particular form field value (use the name and value parameters to specify which field to search).
    Required
    web="%WEB%" Wiki web to search: A web, a list of webs separated by whitespace, or all webs. Current web
    topic="%TOPIC%" The topic the search relates to, for topicmoved and parent searches All topics in a web
    name form field to search, for field type searches. May be a regular expression (see SEARCH).  
    value form field value, for field type searches. May be a regular expression (see SEARCH).  
    title="Title" Text that is prefixed to any search results empty
    format="..." Custom format results. Supports same format strings as SEARCH. See FormattedSearch for usage & examples Results in table
    default="none" Default text shown if no search hit Empty
  • Examples:
      %METASEARCH{
        type="topicmoved"
        web="%WEB%"
        topic="%TOPIC%"
        title="This topic used to exist and was moved to: "
      }%
    You may want to use this in WebTopicViewTemplate? and WebTopicNonWikiTemplate?:
      %METASEARCH{
        type="parent"
        web="%WEB%"
        topic="%TOPIC%"
        title="Children: "
      }%
    
      %METASEARCH{
        type="field"
        name="Country"
        value="China"
      }%
  • Related: SEARCH, META

N -- "new" icon

NAVY -- start navy colored text

  • NAVY is one of the shortcut macros predefined in DefaultPreferences. See the section shortcut macros in that topic for a complete list of colors.
    Example:
    %NAVY% navy text %ENDCOLOR%
    Expands to: navy text

    ALERT! %<color>% text must end with %ENDCOLOR%. If you want to switch from one color to another one you first need to end the active color with %ENDCOLOR%, e.g. write
    %RED% some text %ENDCOLOR% %GREEN% more text %ENDCOLOR%
Related: ENDCOLOR, DefaultPreferences, StandardColors

NOP -- template text not to be expanded in instantiated topics

  • Syntax: %NOP%
    • In normal topic text, expands to <nop>, which prevents expansion of adjacent macros and wikiwords
    • When the topic containing this is used as a template for another topic, it is removed.
  • Syntax: %NOP{...}% deprecated
    • In normal topic text, expands to whatever is in the curly braces (if anything).
      ALERT! This is deprecated. Do not use it. Use %STARTSECTION{type="templateonly"}% .. %ENDSECTION{type="templateonly"}% instead (see TemplateTopics for more details).
  • Related: STARTSECTION, TemplateTopics

NOTIFYTOPIC -- name of the notify topic

OLIVE -- start olive colored text

  • OLIVE is one of the shortcut macros predefined in DefaultPreferences. See the section shortcut macros in that topic for a complete list of colors.
    Example:
    %OLIVE% olive text %ENDCOLOR%
    Expands to: olive text

    ALERT! %<color>% text must end with %ENDCOLOR%. If you want to switch from one color to another one you first need to end the active color with %ENDCOLOR%, e.g. write
    %RED% some text %ENDCOLOR% %GREEN% more text %ENDCOLOR%
Related: ENDCOLOR, DefaultPreferences, StandardColors

ORANGE -- start orange colored text

  • ORANGE is one of the shortcut macros predefined in DefaultPreferences. See the section shortcut macros in that topic for a complete list of colors.
    Example:
    %ORANGE% orange text %ENDCOLOR%
    Expands to: orange text

    ALERT! %<color>% text must end with %ENDCOLOR%. If you want to switch from one color to another one you first need to end the active color with %ENDCOLOR%, e.g. write
    %RED% some text %ENDCOLOR% %GREEN% more text %ENDCOLOR%
Related: ENDCOLOR, DefaultPreferences, StandardColors

P -- pencil icon

PINK -- start pink colored text

  • PINK is one of the shortcut macros predefined in DefaultPreferences. See the section shortcut macros in that topic for a complete list of colors.
    Example:
    %PINK% pink text %ENDCOLOR%
    Expands to: pink text

    ALERT! %<color>% text must end with %ENDCOLOR%. If you want to switch from one color to another one you first need to end the active color with %ENDCOLOR%, e.g. write
    %RED% some text %ENDCOLOR% %GREEN% more text %ENDCOLOR%
Related: ENDCOLOR, DefaultPreferences, StandardColors

PLUGINDESCRIPTIONS -- list of plugin descriptions

  • Syntax: %PLUGINDESCRIPTIONS%
  • Expands to:
    • TWikiCompatibilityPlugin (1.1.1, $Rev: 8378 (2010-07-31) $): Add TWiki personality to Foswiki
    • SpreadSheetPlugin (10 Apr 2011, $Rev: 11360 (2011-04-10) $): Add spreadsheet calculations like "$SUM($ABOVE())" to Foswiki tables and other topic text
    • AutoViewTemplatePlugin (10 Apr 2011, $Rev: 11364 (2011-04-10) $): Automatically sets VIEW_TEMPLATE and EDIT_TEMPLATE
    • CommentPlugin (10 Apr 2011, $Rev: 11361 (2011-04-10) $): Quickly post comments to a page without an edit/save cycle
    • CompareRevisionsAddonPlugin (10 Apr 2011, $Rev: 11366 (2011-04-10) $):
    • DirectedGraphPlugin (1.12, $Rev: 10200 (2010-12-06) $): Draw graphs using the GraphViz utility
    • EditTablePlugin (4.40, $Rev: 11368 (2011-04-10) $): Edit tables using edit fields, date pickers and drop down boxes
    • HistoryPlugin (1.10, $Rev: 11371 (2011-04-10) $): Shows a complete history of a topic
    • HttpsRedirectPlugin (1.1, $Rev: 11242 (2011-03-27) $ (2011-03-28)): Redirect authenticated users to HTTPS url.
    • InterwikiPlugin (10 Apr 2011, $Rev: 11354 (2011-04-10) $): Link ExternalSite:Page text to external sites based on aliases defined in a rules topic
    • JHotDrawPlugin (29 Oct 2010, $Rev: 9801 (2010-10-29) $): Java Applet based drawing editor
    • JQueryPlugin (4.10, $Rev: 11763 (2011-05-25) $): jQuery JavaScript library for Foswiki
    • MailerContribPlugin (9 Jul 2010, $Rev: 11306 (2011-04-05) $): Supports e-mail notification of changes
    • PreferencesPlugin (11 Apr 2011, $Rev: 11375 (2011-04-10) $): Allows editing of preferences using fields predefined in a form
    • RenderListPlugin (2.2.3, $Rev: 11377 (2011-04-10) $): Render bullet lists in a variety of formats
    • SlideShowPlugin (2.1.4, $Rev: 12410 (2011-08-28) $): Create web based presentations based on topics with headings
    • SmiliesPlugin (11 Apr 2011, $Rev: 11381 (2011-04-10) $): Render smilies like smile as icons
    • TablePlugin (1.135, $Rev: 12598 (2011-09-21) $): Control attributes of tables and sorting of table columns
    • TinyMCEPlugin (1.1.10, $Rev: 11661 (2011-05-10) $): Integration of the Tiny MCE WYSIWYG Editor
    • TwistyPlugin (1.6.13, $Rev: 11815 (2011-06-02) $): Twisty section Javascript library to open/close content dynamically
    • WysiwygPlugin (1.1.2, $Rev: 11387 (2011-04-10) $): Translator framework for WYSIWYG editors
  • Related: ACTIVATEDPLUGINS, FAILEDPLUGINS, PLUGINVERSION

PLUGINVERSION -- the version of a Foswiki Plugin, or the Foswiki Plugins API

  • Syntax: %PLUGINVERSION{"name"}% to get the version of a specific plugin
  • Example: %PLUGINVERSION{"InterwikiPlugin"}% expands to $Rev: 11354 (2011-04-10) $
  • Syntax: %PLUGINVERSION% to get the version of the API
  • Expands to: 2.1
  • Related: WIKIVERSION, ACTIVATEDPLUGINS, FAILEDPLUGINS, PLUGINDESCRIPTIONS

POPUPWINDOW{"topic" ...} -- opens a topic or url in a new window

  • Parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    "topic", topic="topic", topic="web.topic" Topic to open  
    url URL to open (if topic is not used)  
    label Link label the topic or the url
    template View template to call when viewing a topic; not used for URLs "viewplain"
    width Width of window "600"
    height Height of window "480"
    toolbar Show toolbars? "0"
    scrollbars Show scrollbars? "1"
    status Show status? "1"
    location Show location bar? "0"
    resizable Is the window resizable? "1"
    left Left position "0"
    top Top position "0"
    center Center the window? "0"
    menubar Show menubar? "0"
    createnew Create a new window for each popup? "1"
  • Example with topic link:
    %POPUPWINDOW{"Macros" label="Open this topic in a new window"}%
    Generates: Open this topic in a new window
  • Example with url:
    %POPUPWINDOW{url="http://foswiki.org"}%
    Generates: http://foswiki.org
  • Enable POPUPWINDOW by writing %JQREQUIRE{"popupwindow"}% on the page

PUBURL -- the base URL of attachments

PUBURLPATH -- the base URL path of attachments

PURPLE -- start purple colored text

  • PURPLE is one of the shortcut macros predefined in DefaultPreferences. See the section shortcut macros in that topic for a complete list of colors.
    Example:
    %PURPLE% purple text %ENDCOLOR%
    Expands to: purple text

    ALERT! %<color>% text must end with %ENDCOLOR%. If you want to switch from one color to another one you first need to end the active color with %ENDCOLOR%, e.g. write
    %RED% some text %ENDCOLOR% %GREEN% more text %ENDCOLOR%
Related: ENDCOLOR, DefaultPreferences, StandardColors

Q -- question icon

QUERY -- get the value of meta-data

  • Uses the query syntax described in QuerySearch to get information about meta-data.
    • supports formatted access to formfields and other meta-data in topics using the same syntax as is used in IF and SEARCH statements,
    • gives access to all meta-data, including that added by extensions,
    • supports reporting values using JSON and other standards, simplifying the retrieval of meta-data for REST applications,
    • replaces the FORMFIELD macro for most applications.
  • Syntax: %QUERY{ "query" }%
  • See QuerySearch for more details of how to write queries
  • Parameters:
    • style="stylename" - set the output format (see below)
    • rev="version" - operate on the given version of the current topic. Note that this will only affect simple queries that refer to the current topic, such as form.name. More complex queries that use searches or indirection to refer to other topics always use the latest version of those topics.
  • Examples:
          Get the name of the form in the current topic:
          %QUERY{"form.name"}%
    
          Get the value of the 'Firstname' form field in
            the current topic:
          %QUERY{"fields[name='Firstname'].value"}%
    
          Get the value of the 'Firstname' form field in
            the current topic (shorthand version):
          %QUERY{"Firstname"}%
    
          Get a list of all the names of attachments on
            the topic 'System.DocumentGraphics':
          %QUERY{"'System.DocumentGraphics'/attachments.name"}%
    
          Get configuration setting {NameFilter}:
          %QUERY{"{NameFilter}"}%
Plain strings (such as field values) are returned without quotes. Simple arrays of scalars are also returned without quotes, in a comma-separated list (beware of values that contain commas!).

More complex data structures (e.g. arrays of hashes) will be returned as Perl code strings generated by running through CPAN:Data::Dumper.

You can make the macro generate different output formats using the style parameter:
  • style="perl" - generates values as Perl code strings
  • style="json" - generates values as JSON strings, suitable for reading by browsers.

Only some configuration settings are available via QUERY: {ScriptSuffix}, {LoginManager}, {AuthScripts}, {LoginNameFilterIn}, {AdminUserLogin}, {AdminUserWikiName}, {SuperAdminGroup}, {UsersTopicName}, {AuthRealm}, {MinPasswordLength}, {Register}{AllowLoginName}, {Register}{EnableNewUserRegistration}, {Register}{NeedVerification}, {Register}{RegistrationAgentWikiName}, {AllowInlineScript}, {DenyDotDotInclude}, {UploadFilter}, {NameFilter}, {AccessibleCFG}, {AntiSpam}{EmailPadding}, {AntiSpam}{HideUserDetails}, {AntiSpam}{RobotsAreWelcome}, {Stats}{TopViews}, {Stats}{TopContrib}, {Stats}{TopicName}, {UserInterfaceInternationalisation}, {UseLocale}, {Site}{Locale}, {Site}{CharSet}, {DisplayTimeValues}, {DefaultDateFormat}, {Site}{LocaleRegexes}, {UpperNational}, {LowerNational}, {PluralToSingular}, {EnableHierarchicalWebs}, {WebMasterEmail}, {WebMasterName}, {NotifyTopicName}, {SystemWebName}, {TrashWebName}, {SitePrefsTopicName}, {LocalSitePreferences}, {HomeTopicName}, {WebPrefsTopicName}, {UsersWebName}, {TemplatePath}, {LinkProtocolPattern}, {NumberOfRevisions}, {MaxRevisionsInADiff}, {ReplaceIfEditedAgainWithin}, {LeaseLength}, {LeaseLengthLessForceful}, {Plugins}{WebSearchPath}, {PluginsOrder}, {Cache}{Enabled}, {Validation}{Method}, {Register}{DisablePasswordConfirmation}

QUERYPARAMS -- show paramaters to the query

  • Expands the parameters to the query that was used to display the page.
  • Syntax: %QUERYPARAMS{...}%
  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    format="..." Format string for each entry $name=$value
    separator="..." Separator string separator="$n" (newline)
    encoding="entity"
    encoding="safe"
    encoding="html"
    encoding="quotes"
    encoding="url"
    Control how special characters are encoded. If this parameter is not given, "safe" encoding is performed which HTML entity encodes the characters '"<>%.
    entity: Encode special characters into HTML entities, like a double quote into &#034;. Does not encode \n or \r.
    safe: Encode characters '"<>% into HTML entities. (this is the default)
    html: As type="entity" except it also encodes \n and \r
    quotes: Escape double quotes with backslashes (\"), does not change other characters
    url: Encode special characters for URL parameter use, like a double quote into %22
    type="safe"
  • The following escape sequences are expanded in the format string:
    Sequence: Expands To:
    $name Name of the parameter
    $value String value of the parameter. Multi-valued parameters will have a "row" for each value.
    $n or $n() New line. Use $n() if followed by alphanumeric character, e.g. write Foo$n()Bar instead of Foo$nBar
    TIP Most macros accept parameter strings which are split over multiple lines. This is usually more readable than using $n tokens. If you are familiar with sectional includes, you might also consider nested sectional includes to hold the newline content outside of the parameter string entirely.
    $nop or $nop() Is a "no operation". This token gets removed; useful for nested search
    $quot Double quote (") (\" also works)
    $percent Percent sign (%) ($percnt also works)
    $dollar Dollar sign ($)
    $lt Less than sign (<)
    $gt Greater than sign (>)
    $amp Ampersand (&)
    $comma Comma (,)
  • Example:
       %QUERYPARAMS{
         format="<input type='hidden' name='$name' value='$value' encoding="entity" />"
       }%
ALERT! Security warning!

Using QUERYPARAMS can easily be misused for cross-site scripting unless specific characters are entity encoded. By default QUERYPARAMS encodes the characters '"<>% into HTML entities (same as encoding="safe") which is relatively safe. The safest is to use encoding="entity". When passing QUERYPARAMS inside another macro always use double quotes ("") combined with using QUERYPARAMS with encoding="quote". For maximum security against cross-site scripting you are adviced to install the Foswiki:Extensions.SafeWikiPlugin.

QUERYSTRING -- full, unprocessed string of parameters to this URL

  • String of all the URL parameters that were on the URL used to get to the current page. For example, if you add ?name=Samantha;age=24;eyes=blue to this URL you can see this in action. This string can be appended to a URL to pass parameter values on to another page.
    ALERT! URLs built this way are typically restricted in length, typically to 2048 characters. If you need more space than this, you will need to use an HTML form and =%QUERYPARAMS%=
  • Syntax: %QUERYSTRING%
  • Expands to: sortcol=0;table=14;up=0
  • Related: QUERYPARAMS, URLPARAM

RED -- start red colored text

  • RED is one of the shortcut macros predefined in DefaultPreferences. See the section shortcut macros in that topic for a complete list of colors.
    Example:
    %RED% red text %ENDCOLOR%
    Expands to: red text

    ALERT! %<color>% text must end with %ENDCOLOR%. If you want to switch from one color to another one you first need to end the active color with %ENDCOLOR%, e.g. write
    %RED% some text %ENDCOLOR% %GREEN% more text %ENDCOLOR%
Related: ENDCOLOR, DefaultPreferences, StandardColors

REMOTE_ADDR -- environment variable

REMOTE_PORT -- environment variable

REMOTE_USER -- environment variable

RENDERLIST -- render bullet lists in a variety of formats

  • The %RENDERLIST% macro is handled by the RenderListPlugin
  • Syntax: %RENDERLIST%
  • Example:
    %RENDERLIST{"org" focus="Sales.WestCoastTeam"}%
          * [[Eng.WebHome][Engineering]]
             * [[Eng.TechPubs][Tech Pubs]]
          * [[Sales.WestCoastTeam][Sales]]
             * [[Sales.EastCoastTeam][East Coast]]
             * [[Sales.WestCoastTeam][West Coast]]
Expands as:
  Sales
  East Coast?
  West Coast?

RENDERZONE

%RENDERZONE{"zone" ...}%
See ADDTOZONE for an explanation of zones.

Parameters:
  • "zone" required, name of the zone.
  • format="..." optional, format string for each item added to the zone, default:
    $item <!--<literal> $id $missing</literal>-->
    Tokens:
    • $id - id of the ADDTOZONE call within the zone currently being rendered.
    • $item - text of the ADDTOZONE call within the zone currently being rendered.
    • $zone - the "zone" currently being rendered.
    • $missing - if the ADDTOZONE call being rendered required any id which was not found, then $missing is the missingtoken parameter; empty string otherwise.
    • $missingids - comma separated list of ids that were required by the ADDTOZONE call currently being rendered but weren't found within this zone.
  • missingtoken="..." optional, this will be the string assigned to the $missing format token for use in the format parameter. Default:
    $id: requires= missing ids: $missingids
  • chomp="on" remove leading and trailing whitespace from formatted items, can be useful for pretty-printing and compression.
  • header="..." optional, prepended to the output
  • footer="..." optional, appended to the output
  • separator="..." optional, put between each item of a zone
Supports the standard format tokens in all parameters.

Notes:
  • header and footer are not output if there is no content in the zone (nothing has been ADDTOZONEd ). However they are output if the output is the empty string (at least one ADDTOZONE has been processed).
  • Zones are cleared after being rendered; they are only ever rendered once.
  • head and script are automatic zones. They don't require a corresponding RENDERZONE anywhere in the templates - they are automatically inserted before the </head> tag in the output HTML page.
  • Normally, dependencies between individual ADDTOZONE statements are resolved within each zone. However, if {MergeHeadAndScriptZones} is enabled in configure, then head content which requires an id that only exists in script will be re-ordered to satisfy this dependency.
    ALERT! {MergeHeadAndScriptZones} will be removed from a future version of Foswiki.

See also ADDTOZONE for more information on zones.

REVINFO -- revision information of current topic

  • Syntax:
  • Date format defined as {DefaultDateFormat} in configure

REVINFO{"format"} -- formatted revision information of topic

  • Syntax: %REVINFO% OR %REVINFO{"format"}%
  • %REVINFO% is equivalent to %REVINFO{format="r1.$rev - $date - $wikiusername"}%
  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    "format" Format of revision information, see supported formatting tokens below "r1.$rev - $date - $wikiusername"
    web="..." Name of web Current web
    topic="..." Topic name Current topic
    rev="1.5" Specific revision number Latest revision
  • Supported formatting tokens:
    Token: Unit: Example
    $web Name of web Current web
    $topic Topic name Current topic
    $rev Revision number. Prefix r1. to get the usual r1.5 format 5
    $username Login username of revision jsmith
    $wikiname WikiName of revision JohnSmith
    $wikiusername WikiName with Main web prefix Main.JohnSmith
    $date Revision date. Actual date format defined as {DefaultDateFormat} in configure 21 Sep 2006
    $time Revision time 23:24:25
    $iso Revision date in ISO date format 2006-09-22T06:24:25Z
    $min, $sec, etc. Same date format qualifiers as GMTIME{"format"}  
  • Example, returns revision info of first revision:
    %REVINFO{"$date - $wikiusername" rev="1.1"}%
  • Related: GMTIME{"format"}, REVINFO

S -- red star icon

SCRIPTNAME -- name of current script

  • The name of the current script is shown, including script suffix, if any (for example viewauth.cgi)
  • Syntax: %SCRIPTNAME%
  • Expands to: view
  • Related: SCRIPTSUFFIX, SCRIPTURL, SCRIPTURLPATH

SCRIPTSUFFIX -- script suffix

  • Some Eugene Maker Space Wiki installations require a file extension for CGI scripts, such as .pl or .cgi
  • Syntax: %SCRIPTSUFFIX%
  • Expands to:
  • Related: SCRIPTNAME, SCRIPTURL, SCRIPTURLPATH

SCRIPTURL{"script"} -- URL of script

  • Syntax: %SCRIPTURL% OR %SCRIPTURL{"script"}%
  • %SCRIPTURL% returns the base URL of scripts - expands to http://www.eugenemakerspace.com/wiki/bin
  • Expands to: http://www.eugenemakerspace.com/wiki/bin/script
  • Example: To get the authenticated version of the current topic you can write %SCRIPTURL{"viewauth"}%/%WEB%/%TOPIC% which expands to http://www.eugenemakerspace.com/wiki/bin/viewauth/System/Macros
    ALERT! In most cases you should use %SCRIPTURLPATH{"script"}% instead, as it works with URL rewriting much better

    ALERT! The edit script should always be used in conjunction with ?t=%GMTIME{"$epoch"}% to ensure pages about to be edited are not cached in the browser
  • Related: PUBURL, SCRIPTNAME, SCRIPTSUFFIX, SCRIPTURLPATH

SCRIPTURLPATH{"script"} -- URL path of script

  • As %SCRIPTURL{"script"}%, but doesn't include the protocol and host part of the URL
  • Syntax: %SCRIPTURL% OR %SCRIPTURLPATH{"script"}%
  • Expands to: /wiki/bin/script
    ALERT! The edit script should always be used in conjunction with ?t=%GMTIME{"$epoch"}% to ensure pages about to be edited are not cached in the browser
  • Related: PUBURLPATH, SCRIPTNAME, SCRIPTSUFFIX, SCRIPTURL

SEARCH{"text"} -- search content

  • Inline search, shows a search result embedded in a topic
  • Syntax: %SEARCH{"text" ...}%
  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    "text" Search term. Is a keyword search, literal search, regular expression search, or query, depending on the type parameter. SearchHelp has more required
    search="text" (Alternative to above) N/A
    web="Name"
    web="Main, Know"
    web="all"
    Comma-separated list of webs to search. You can specifically exclude webs from an all search using a minus sign - for example, web="all,-Secretweb". The special word all means all webs that do not have the NOSEARCHALL preference set to on in their WebPreferences. Note that AccessControls are respected when searching webs; it is much better to use them than NOSEARCHALL. Wildcards are not currently supported for web names. Current web
    topic="WebPreferences"
    topic="*Bug"
    Limit search to topics: A topic, a topic with asterisk wildcards, or a list of topics separated by comma. Note this is a list of topic names and must not include web names. All topics in a web
    excludetopic="Web*"
    excludetopic="WebHome, WebChanges"
    Exclude topics from search: A topic, a topic with asterisk wildcards, or a list of topics separated by comma. Note this is a list of topic names and must not include web names. None
    scope="topic"
    scope="text"
    scope="all"
    Search topic name (title); the text (body) of topic; or all (title and body) "text"
    type="keyword"
    type="word"
    type="literal"
    type="regex"
    type="query"
    Control how the search is performed when scope="text" or scope="all"
    keyword: use Google-like controls as in soap "web service" -shampoo; searches word parts: using the example, topics with "soapsuds" will be found as well, but topics with "shampoos" will be excluded
    word: identical to keyword but searches whole words: topics with "soapsuds" will not be found, and topics with "shampoos" will not be excluded
    literal: search for the exact string, like web service
    regex: use a RegularExpression search like soap;web service;!shampoo; to search on whole words use \bsoap\b
    query: query search of form fields and other meta-data, like (Firstname='Emma' OR Firstname='John') AND Lastname='Peel'
    %SEARCHVAR- DEFAULTTYPE% preferences setting (literal)
    order="topic"
    order="created"
    order="modified"
    order="editby"
    order=
     "formfield(name)"
    Sort the results of search by the topic names, topic creation time, last modified time, last editor's WikiName, or named field of DataForms. The sorting is done web by web; if you want to sort across webs, create a formatted table and sort it with TablePlugin's initsort. Note that dates are sorted most recent date last (i.e at the bottom of the table). Sort by topic name
    limit="all"
    limit="16"
    Limit the number of topics from which results will be returned. This is done after sorting if order is specified. Note that this does not limit the number of hits from the same topic when you have multiple="on". All results
    date="..." limits the results to those pages with latest edit time in the given time interval. All results
    reverse="on" Reverse the direction of the search Ascending search
    casesensitive="on" Case sensitive search Ignore case
    bookview="on" BookView search, e.g. show complete topic text. Very resource demanding. Use only with small result sets Show entire topic content.
    nonoise="on" Shorthand for nosummary="on" nosearch="on" nototal="on" zeroresults="off" noheader="on" noempty="on" Off
    nosummary="on" Show topic title only Show topic summary
    nosearch="on" Suppress search string Show search string
    noheader="on" Suppress default search header
    Topics: Changed: By: , unless a header is explicitly specified
    Show default search header, unless search is inline and a format is specified (Cairo compatibility)
    nototal="on" Do not show number of topics found Show number
    zeroresults="off"
    or zeroresults="..."
    Suppress/replace all output if there are no hits (the boolean nature of the setting uses true, false, on, off, 0 so those cannot be used as a format string on their own (insert a to escape them))- can also be set to a FormattedSearch string to customise the output zeroresults="on" - displays the summary, and number of topics found. "Number of topics: 0"
    noempty="on" Suppress results for webs that have no hits. Show webs with no hits
    header="..."
    format="..."
    footer="..."
    Custom format results: see FormattedSearch for usage & examples Results in table
    expandvariables="on" Expand embedded macros before applying a FormattedSearch on a search hit. Useful to show the expanded text, e.g. to show the result of a SpreadSheetPlugin %CALC{}% instead of the formula Raw text
    multiple="on" Multiple hits per topic. Each hit can be formatted. The last token is used in case of a regular expression ";" and search Only one hit per topic
    nofinalnewline="on" If on, the search variable does not end in a line by itself. Any text continuing immediately after the SEARCH macro on the same line will be rendered as part of the table generated by the search, if appropriate. This feature is only active when format is defined. on
    recurse="on" Recurse into subwebs, if subwebs are enabled. Note: recurse will currently search subwebs of explicitly excluded webs. (web="all, -Sandbox" recurse="on") will still search subwebs of Sandbox. This behavior is likely to change in a future release. off
    separator=", " Line separator between search hits (only used when format= is set) uses FormatTokens.
    If separator is not defined, the default is "$n" (newline). Not defining the separator will additionally cause a newline to be added after a header and before a footer.
    "$n" (Newline)
    newline="%BR%" Line separator within a search hit. Useful if you want to put multi-line content into a table cell, for example if the format="" parameter contains a $pattern() that captures more than one line. "$n" (Newline)
    pagesize="25" number of items to show per page "25"
    showpage="1" Page of items to show (starts at 1) (over-ridden by the value specified by the URL parameter hash from $previousurl and $nexturl) "1"
    pager="on" appends the pager to the footer format (the quickest way to add paging to your SEARCHes is to just add pager="on")
    Note: the default pager (when pagerformat is not defined) requires the parameters to the SEARCH to not change while paging, as it uses $previousurl and $nexturl which use a hash of the Macro's parameters to override the value of showpage. If you use time variable parameters, you will need to define your own pagerformat.
    "off"
    pagerformat="text" Custom format results: see FormattedSearch for usage & examples filled from skin template
    groupby="none" Warning: this option is liable to change dramatically (and potentially incompatibly) in the next major release of foswiki. Setting to "none" applies only to multi-web SEARCHs, and means the header and footer are only output once - at the beginning and end of the list of results, and the order parameter is applied over the entire set of results (this setting removes the legacy that results are always partitioned by web) see SiteChanges for an example. "web"

  • Example:
    %SEARCH{"wiki" web="%USERSWEB%" scope="topic"}%
  • Example with format:
    %SEARCH{
        "FAQ"
        nonoise="on"
        header="| *Topic: * | *Summary: * |"
        format="| $topic    | $summary    |"
    }%
    (displays results in a table with header - details)

TIP The appearance of the table emitted by the SEARCH may be controlled with TablePlugin's %TABLE{}% macro placed just before the %SEARCH{}%. Example: %TABLE{ tablewidth="90%" }%


Related topics: FormattedSearch, QuerySearch, SearchHelp, SearchPatternCookbook, RegularExpression, TOPICLIST, WEBLIST

SERVERTIME{"format"} -- formatted server time

  • Same format qualifiers as %GMTIME%
  • Syntax: %SERVERTIME% OR %SERVERTIME{"format"}%
  • %SERVERTIME% uses the Date format defined as {DefaultDateFormat} in configure
  • Example: %SERVERTIME{"$hou:$min"}% expands to 14:40
    ALERT! Note: When used in a template topic, this macro will be expanded when the template is used to create a new topic. See TemplateTopics#TemplateTopicsVars for details.
  • Related: GMTIME, SERVERTIME

SESSIONID -- unique ID for this session

SESSIONVAR -- name of CGI and session variable that stores the session ID

SESSION_VARIABLE -- get, set or clear a session variable

SHOWPREFERENCE -- show where preferences are defined.

Preference values are shown in a bulleted list.
  • %SHOWPREFERENCE%
    • Show all preferences
  • %SHOWPREFERENCE{"PREFERENCENAME"}%
    • Show a single preference
    • Example:
      %SHOWPREFERENCE{"ATTACHFILESIZELIMIT"}%
    • Expands as:
         * Set ATTACHFILESIZELIMIT = "100000"
            * ATTACHFILESIZELIMIT was *finalised* in Main.SitePreferences
      
  • %SHOWPREFERENCE{"PREFERENCENAME,PREFERENCENAME,..."}%
    • Show all of the preferences in a comma-separated list of preference names. This is particularly useful for reviewing the access controls that apply to a topic.
    • Example:
      %SHOWPREFERENCE{"DENYWEBCHANGE,ALLOWWEBCHANGE"}%
    • Expands as:
         * Set DENYWEBCHANGE = ""
         * Set ALLOWWEBCHANGE = "%USERSWEB%.AdminGroup"
            * ALLOWWEBCHANGE was defined in System.WebPreferences
      

SILVER -- start silver colored text

  • SILVER is one of the shortcut macros predefined in DefaultPreferences. See the section shortcut macros in that topic for a complete list of colors.
    Example:
    %SILVER% silver text %ENDCOLOR%
    Expands to: silver text

    ALERT! %<color>% text must end with %ENDCOLOR%. If you want to switch from one color to another one you first need to end the active color with %ENDCOLOR%, e.g. write
    %RED% some text %ENDCOLOR% %GREEN% more text %ENDCOLOR%
Related: ENDCOLOR, DefaultPreferences, StandardColors

SKIN -- current skin

  • %SKIN% expands the skin search path. For instance, SKIN can be set to catskin, bearskin.
  • The SKIN setting can be overridden using the URL parameter skin, such as ?skin=catskin,bearskin
  • You can also extend the existing skin path using covers - see COVER
  • Syntax: %SKIN%
  • Expands to: approval,pattern
  • See Skins for more information
  • Related: SkinBrowser

SLIDESHOWEND -- end slideshow

SLIDESHOWSTART -- convert a topic with headings into a slideshow

  • The %SLIDESHOWSTART% macro is handled by the SlideShowPlugin
  • Syntax: %SLIDESHOWSTART%
  • Syntax: %SLIDESHOWSTART{ template="MyOwnSlideTemplate" }%
  • Example:
     %SLIDESHOWSTART%
     ---++ Sample Slide 1
        * Bullet 1
        * Bullet 2
     ---++ Sample Slide 2
        * Bullet 1
        * Bullet 2
     %SLIDESHOWEND%
  • Expands as:

Start presentation

Slide 1: Sample Slide 1

  • Bullet 1
  • Bullet 2

Slide 2: Sample Slide 2

  • Bullet 1
  • Bullet 2

SPACEDTOPIC -- topic name, spaced and URL-encoded deprecated

  • The current topic name with added URL-encoded spaces, for use in regular expressions that search for backlinks to the current topic
  • Syntax: %SPACEDTOPIC%
  • Expands to: Var%20*SPACEDTOPIC
    ALERT! This is a deprecated macro. It can be duplicated with %ENCODE{%SPACEOUT{"%TOPIC%" separator=" *"}%}%
  • Related: SPACEOUT, TOPIC, ENCODE

SPACEOUT{"string"} -- renders string with spaces inserted in sensible places

  • Inserts spaces after lower case letters that are followed by a digit or a capital letter, and after digits that are followed by a capital letter.
  • Useful for spacing out WikiWords
  • Syntax: %SPACEOUT{ "%TOPIC%" }%
  • Expands to: Macros
  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    separator The separator to put between words e.g. %SPACEOUT{"DogsCatsBudgies" separator=", "}% -> Dogs, Cats, Budgies ' '
    TIP Spaced out WikiWords are not automatically linked. To SPACEOUT a WikiWord but preserve the link use "double bracket" format. For example, [[WebHome][%SPACEOUT{"WebHome"}%]] expands to Web Home
  • Related: SPACEDTOPIC, $PROPERSPACE() of SpreadSheetPlugin

STARTINCLUDE -- start position of topic text if included

  • If present in included topic, start to include text from this location up to the end, or up to the location of the %STOPINCLUDE% macro. A normal view of the topic shows everything exept the %STARTINCLUDE% macro itself.
  • Syntax: %STARTINCLUDE%
    TIP If you want more than one part of the topic included, use %STARTSECTION{type="include"}% instead
  • Related: INCLUDE, STARTSECTION, STOPINCLUDE

STARTSECTION -- marks the start of a section within a topic

  • Section boundaries are defined with %STARTSECTION{}% and %ENDSECTION{}%.
  • Sections may be given a name to help identify them, and/or a type, which changes how they are used.
    • type="section" - the default, used for a generic section, such as a named section used by INCLUDE.
    • type="include" - like %STARTINCLUDE% ... %STOPINCLUDE% except that you can have as many include blocks as you want which are all merged into one when included (%STARTINCLUDE% is restricted to only one). Sections of type include may not be given a name.
    • type="expandvariables" - all macros inside an "expandvariables" type section gets expanded when a new topic based on the template topic is created. See TemplateTopics for more information.
    • type="templateonly" - start position of text to be removed when a template topic is used. This is used to embed text that you do not want expanded when a new topic based on the template topic is created. See TemplateTopics for more information.
  • Syntax: %STARTSECTION{"name"}% ................... %ENDSECTION{"name"}%
  • Syntax: %STARTSECTION{type="include"}% ........... %ENDSECTION{type="include"}%
  • Syntax: %STARTSECTION{type="expandvariables"}% ... %ENDSECTION{type="expandvariables"}%
  • Syntax: %STARTSECTION{type="templateonly"}% ...... %ENDSECTION{type="templateonly"}%

  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default
    "name" Name of the section. Must be unique inside a topic. Generated name
    type="..." Type of the section; type "section", "expandvariables", "include" or "templateonly" "section"
    ALERT! If a section is not given a name, it will be assigned one. Unnamed sections are assigned names starting with _SECTION0 for the first unnamed section in the topic, _SECTION1 for the second, etc..

    ALERT! You can define nested sections. It is not recommended to overlap sections, although it is valid in Foswiki. Use named sections to make sure that the correct START and ENDs are matched. Section markers are not displayed when a topic is viewed.
  • Related: ENDSECTION, INCLUDE, NOP, STARTINCLUDE, STOPINCLUDE

STATISTICSTOPIC -- name of statistics topic

STOPINCLUDE -- end position of topic text if included

  • If present in included topic, stop to include text at this location and ignore the remaining text. A normal view of the topic shows everyting exept the %STOPINCLUDE% macro itself.
  • Syntax: %STOPINCLUDE%
  • Related: INCLUDE, STARTINCLUDE

SYSTEMWEB -- name of documentation web

T -- tip icon

TAB{"text" ...} -- tab inside a tabpane widget

  • Defines a tab inside a TABPANE area; must be closed using ENDTAB.
  • Parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    "text" label of the tab Tab
    before when switching tabs, this is the javascript fragment to be executed just before the tab is displayed  
    after this javascript handler is to be executed after the tab has been made visible  
    afterload this javascript handler will be called when content loaded asynchronously (using the url parameter, below) has finished loading; depending on the network latency, this can be significantly later than execution of the after handler above  
    id id of this tab; this id can be used in the TABPANEs select parameter to display this tab; this id is also added to the class attribute of the html element representing the tab button  
    url link from where to load the content of the tab asynchronously when selecting this tab; the result of the addressed handler will replace the content area; if no url is set the content of the TAB ... ENDTAB area will be shown when the tab is selected  
    width width of the tab area auto
    height height of the tab area auto
    container element where ajax content will be loaded; this is only used together with url  
  • Related: VarENDTAB, VarTABPANE, VarENDTABPANE, JQueryPlugin, JQueryTabpane

TABLE{ attributes } -- control attributes of tables and sorting of table columns

  • The %TABLE{}% macro is handled by the TablePlugin
  • Syntax: %TABLE{ attributes }%

Attributes for tables

Argument Comment Default value Example
tableborder Table border width (pixels). "1" tableborder="2"
tablebordercolor Table border color . Is only visible when cellspacing is larger than 1, or cellborder is 0, or tablerules is none, otherwise the cell borders overlap the table border. unspecified tablebordercolor="#333"
tableframe Table frame, set to "void" (no sides), "above" (the top side only), "below" (the bottom side only), "hsides" (the top and bottom sides only), "lhs" (the left-hand side only), "rhs" (the right-hand side only), "vsides" (the right and left sides only), "box" (all four sides), "border" (all four sides). unspecified tableframe="hsides"
tablerules Table rules, set to "none" (no rules), "groups" (rules will appear between row groups and column groups only), "rows" (rules will appear between rows only), "cols" (rules will appear between columns only), "all" (rules will appear between all rows and columns). See also: headerrules and datarules. unspecified tablerules="rows"
tablewidth Table width: percentage of window width, or absolute pixel value. unspecified tablewidth="100%"
headerrows Number of header rows to exclude from sort. (will be rendered in a HTML thead section) "1" headerrows="1"
footerrows Number of footer rows to exclude from sort. (will be rendered in a HTML tfoot section) "0" footerrows="1"
id Unique table identifier string, used for targeting a table with CSS. tableN (where N is the table order number on the page) id="userTable"
summary Table summary used by screen readers: A summary of what the table presents. It should provide an orientation for someone who listens to the table. unspecified summary="List of subscribed users"
caption Table caption: A title that will be displayed just above the table. unspecified caption="Users"
inlinemarkup Set to "on" to generate inline markup HTML (in addition to the CSS markup); useful if you need to copy the table, for instance to paste the table into an email). unspecified inlinemarkup="on"

Attributes for table sorting

Argument Comment Default value Example
sort Set the table sorting user interface (clickable column headers) "on" or "off". unspecified sort="on"
initsort Column to sort initially (use "1" for the first column). If specified, sorting is enabled; by setting sort="off" the sorting interface can be hidden. unspecified initsort="2"
initdirection Initial sorting direction for initsort, set to "up" (descending, or decreasing in value) or "down" (ascending, or increasing in value). down initdirection="up"
disableallsort Disable all sorting, both initsort and header sort. This is mainly used by plugins such as the EditTablePlugin to disable sorting in a table while editing the table. unspecified disableallsort="on"

Attributes for table cells

Argument Comment Default value Example
cellpadding Cell padding (pixels). unspecified cellpadding="0"
cellspacing Cell spacing (pixels). unspecified cellspacing="3"
cellborder Cell border width (pixels). unspecified cellborder="0"
valign Vertical alignment of cells and headers, set to "top", "middle", "bottom" or "baseline". unspecified valign="top"
columnwidths Column widths: Comma delimited list of column widths, percentage or absolute pixel value. unspecified columnwidths="80%,20%"

Attributes for data cells

Argument Comment Default value Example
datarules Set to "none" (no rules), "rows" (rules will appear between rows only), "cols" (rules will appear between columns only), "all" (rules will appear between all rows and columns). Overrides tablerules for data cells. unspecified datarules="none"
datavalign Vertical alignment of data cells; overrides valign. unspecified datavalign="top"
dataalign Data cell alignment, one value for all columns, or a comma separated list for different alignment of individual columns. Set to "left", "center", "right" or "justify". Overrides individual cell settings. unspecified dataalign="center"
databg Data cell background colour, a comma separated list. Specify "none" for no colour, that is to use the colour/background of the page the table is on. "#edf4f9,#fff" databg="#f2f2f2,#fff"
databgsorted Data cell background colour of a sorted column; see databg. the values of databg databgsorted="#d4e8e4, #e5f5ea"
datacolor Data cell text colour, a comma separated list. unspecified datacolor="#00c, #000"

Attributes for headers

Argument Comment Default value Example
headerrules Set to "none" (no rules), "rows" (rules will appear between rows only), "cols" (rules will appear between columns only), "all" (rules will appear between all rows and columns). Overrides tablerules for header cells. unspecified headerrules="none"
headerbg Header cell background colour. Specify "none" for no colour, that is to use the colour/background of the page the table is on. "#6b7f93" headerbg="#999"
headerbgsorted Header cell background colour of a sorted column. Specify "none" for no colour, that is to use the colour/background of the page the table is on. the value of headerbg headerbgsorted="#32596c"
headercolor Header cell text colour. "#fff" headercolor="#00c"
headervalign Vertical alignment of header cells; overrides valign. unspecified headervalign="top"
headeralign Header cell alignment, one value for all columns, or a comma separated list for different alignment of individual columns. Set to "left", "center", "right" or "justify". Overrides individual cell settings. unspecified headeralign="left,right"
headerrows See: Attributes for tables

Other attributes

Argument Comment Default value Example
include Other topic defining the TABLE parameters. The first %TABLE% in the topic is used. This is useful if you have many topics with the same table format and you want to update the format in one place. Use topic or web.topic notation. unspecified include="Main.WebHome"

  • Example:
     %TABLE{ tableborder="0" cellpadding="4" cellspacing="3" cellborder="0" }%
     | *A1* | *B1* |
     | A2   | B2   |
  • Expands as:
    A1 B1
    A2 B2
  • Related: See TablePlugin for more details

TABPANE{...} -- tabpane widget

  • This macro starts the tabpane, containing a series of TAB...ENDTABs and ends with ENDTABPANE. A complete tabpane normally looks like this:
    %TABPANE%
     %TAB{"tab 1"}%
       ...
     %ENDTAB%
     %TAB{"tab 2"}%
       ...
     %ENDTAB%
    %ENDTABPANE%
    
    Multiple tabpanes can be nested using the following scheme:
    %TABPANE%
     %TAB{"tab 1"}%
       %TABPANE%
         %TAB{"tab 1.1"}%
           ...
         %ENDTAB%
         %TAB{"tab1.2"}%
           ...
         %ENDTAB%
       %ENDTABPANE%
     %ENDTAB%
     %TAB{"tab 2"}%
       ...
     %ENDTAB%
    %ENDTABPANE%
    
  • Example: see JQueryTabpane for more examples
  • Parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    select number or id of tab to select 1
    automaxexpand resizes the tabpane to the maximum height to fit into the window off
    minheight when automaxexpand is enabled, this is the minimum size a tab is allowed to be resized 230
    class extra class: use simple for a non-3D tabpane  
    animate (on/off) enables/disables animation of switching tabs off
  • Related: VarTAB, VarENDTAB, VarENDTABPANE, JQueryPlugin, JQueryTabpane

TEAL -- start teal colored text

  • TEAL is one of the shortcut macros predefined in DefaultPreferences. See the section shortcut macros in that topic for a complete list of colors.
    Example:
    %TEAL% teal text %ENDCOLOR%
    Expands to: teal text

    ALERT! %<color>% text must end with %ENDCOLOR%. If you want to switch from one color to another one you first need to end the active color with %ENDCOLOR%, e.g. write
    %RED% some text %ENDCOLOR% %GREEN% more text %ENDCOLOR%
Related: ENDCOLOR, DefaultPreferences, StandardColors

TOC{"Topic"} -- table of contents

  • Table of Contents. Shows a TOC that is generated automatically based on headings of a topic. Headings in WikiSyntax ("---++ text") and HTML ("<h2>text</h2>") are taken into account. Any heading text after "!!" is excluded from the TOC; for example, write "---+!! text" if you do not want to list a header in the TOC
  • Syntax: %TOC% OR %TOC{"SomeTopic" ...}%
  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    "TopicName" topic name Current topic
    web="Name" Name of web Current web
    depth="2" Limit depth of headings shown in TOC 6
    title="Some text" Title to appear at top of TOC none
  • Default settings are defined in DefaultPreferences, and can be overridden in SitePreferences
  • Examples:
    %TOC{depth="2"}%
     %TOC{"CompleteDocumentation" web="%SYSTEMWEB%" title="Contents:"}%
    See also: Foswiki:Support/HowToCreateATableOfContents
    TIP TOC will add an HTML anchor called foswikiTOC just before the table of contents. This enables adding a link from within a topic back to the table of contents to ease navigation. Example [[#foswikiTOC][Back to TOC]] creates Back to TOC.

    TIP If multiple headers have the exact same text, the anchors for the 2nd, 3rd etc will be suffixed by _AN1, _AN2 etc so the anchors become unique.

TOPIC -- name of current topic

  • %TOPIC% expands to the name of the topic. If you are looking at the text of an included topic, it is the name of the included topic.
  • Syntax: %TOPIC%
  • Expands to: Macros, renders as Macros
  • Related: BASETOPIC, INCLUDINGTOPIC, TOPICLIST, WEB

TOPICLIST{"format"} -- topic index of a web

  • List of all topics in a web. The "format" defines the format of one topic item. It may include formatting tokens: The $topic token gets expanded to the topic name, $marker to marker parameter where topic matches selection, and $web to the name of the web, or any of the standard FormatTokens.
  • Syntax: %TOPICLIST{"format" ...}%
  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    "format" Format of one line, may include $web (name of web), $topic (name of the topic), $marker (which expands to marker for the item matching selection only) "$topic"
    format="format" (Alternative to above) "$topic"
    separator=", " line separator "$n" (new line)
    marker="selected" Text for $marker if the item matches selection "selected"
    selection="TopicA, TopicB" Current value to be selected in list (none)
    web="Name" Name of web Current web
  • Examples:
       Create a bullet list of all topics:
       %TOPICLIST{"   * $web.$topic"}%
    
       Create a comma separated list of all topics:
       %TOPICLIST{separator=", "}%
    
       Create an option list (for drop down menus):
       %TOPICLIST{" <option>$topic</option>"}%
    
       Create an option list of web topics with the current topic selected:
       <select>%TOPICLIST{
          " <option $marker value='$topic'>$topic</option>"
          separator=" "
          selection="%TOPIC%"
       }%</select>
  • Related: SEARCH, WEBLIST

TOPICURL -- shortcut to viewing the current topic

TWIKIWEB -- synonym for SYSTEMWEB

ALERT! Deprecated. Use %SYSTEMWEB% instead

TWISTY

This renders the button as well as the toggled content section contained within this and the closing ENDTWISTY tag.

Usage: %TWISTY{ ... }% Toggable contents %ENDTWISTY%
Parameter Value Description Remark
id Unique identifier Used to link TWISTYBUTTON and TWISTYTOGGLE optional
link Link label Link label for both show and hide links optional
hidelink Link label Hide link label optional
showlink Link label Show link label optional
mode "div" or "span" Specify if the Twisty Toggle section will use a <div> or a <span> tag. Note that if the contents contains block elements such as div, mode should be div as well to create valid HTML markup. optional, defaults to <div>
showimgleft Image url Specify the url of an image that will be displayed with the show link at the left side of the link.
You may use ICONURLPATH to display one of the DocumentGraphics icons. Alternatively use an image attached to the topic.
optional, defaults to no image
hideimgleft Image url Specify the url of an image that will be displayed with the hide link at the left side of the link.
You may use ICONURLPATH to display one of the DocumentGraphics icons. Alternatively use an image attached to the topic.
optional, defaults to no image
showimgright Image url Specify the url of an image that will be displayed with the show link at the right side of the link.
You may use ICONURLPATH to display one of the DocumentGraphics icons. Alternatively use an image attached to the topic.
optional, defaults to no image
hideimgright Image url Specify the url of an image that will be displayed with the hide link at the right side of the link.
You may use ICONURLPATH to display one of the DocumentGraphics icons. Alternatively use an image attached to the topic.
optional, defaults to no image
remember "on", "off" If "on", the Twisty state is remembered the next time the page is shown. If "off", the stored setting will be cleared.

ALERT! Note: when used, think carefully about a unique name (id) for the Twisty, otherwise the cookie that is set might affect other Twisties with the same name. Also note that only interaction is stored, not the state of the Twisty when left unclicked.
optional, no default
start "hide" or "show" Initial state of the Twisty; this will override any setting stored in a cookie (see remember). optional, default no initial state
firststart "hide" or "show" Initial state of the Twisty the first time the visitor gets to see the Twisty; this will NOT override cookie settings (see remember). optional, default no initial state
noscript "hide" Make content hidden in case use does not have JavaScript on optional, default content is shown in case JavaScript if off
class CSS class name Class for Twisty div or span optional, default none
linkclass CSS class name Class for link optional, default none
prefix Text Text to display before the show/hide links optional, default none
suffix Text Text to display after the show/hide links optional, default none
img Image url Deprecated, use showimgleft, hideimgleft, showimgright or hideimgright. optional, defaults to no image
imgleft Image url Deprecated, use showimgleft, hideimgleft, showimgright or hideimgright. optional, defaults to no image
imgright Image url Deprecated, use showimgleft, hideimgleft, showimgright or hideimgright. optional, defaults to no image
hideimg Image url Deprecated, use showimgleft, hideimgleft, showimgright or hideimgright. optional, defaults to no image
showimg Image url Deprecated, use showimgleft, hideimgleft, showimgright or hideimgright. optional, defaults to no image

TWISTYBUTTON

Shorthand version for TWISTYSHOW & TWISTYHIDE This is useful if both the show and the hide button take the same arguments.
  • Supported parameters: all parameters supported by TWISTY, except for noscript and class (only used for 'toggle' content)
  • Parameter differences:
    • mode: button mode defaults to div
  • Syntax: %TWISTYBUTTON{id="myid" ... }%
  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter Value Description Remark
    mode "div" or "span" Specify if the Twisty button will use a <div> or a <span> tag. Note that if the contents contains block elements such as div, mode should be div as well to create valid HTML markup. optional, defaults to <div>
  • Example:
    %TWISTYBUTTON{
        id="myid"
        link="more"
      }%%TWISTYTOGGLE{
        id="myid"
      }%content%ENDTWISTYTOGGLE%
  • Expands as:
    content
  • Related: VarENDTWISTY, VarENDTWISTYTOGGLE, VarTWISTY, VarTWISTYBUTTON, VarTWISTYHIDE, VarTWISTYSHOW, VarTWISTYTOGGLE

TWISTYHIDE

Hide/close link
  • Syntax: %TWISTYHIDE{id="myid" ... }%
  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter Value Description Remark
    id Unique identifier Used to link TWISTYSHOW, TWISTYHIDE and TWISTYTOGGLE required
    link Link label Hide link label optional
    mode "div" or "span" Specify if the Twisty Hide link will use a <div> or a <span> tag. Note that if the contents contains block elements such as div, mode should be div as well to create valid HTML markup. optional, defaults to <div>
    img Image url Specify the url of an image that will be displayed at the right side of the link.
    You may use ICONURLPATH to display one of the DocumentGraphics icons. Alternatively use an image attached to the topic.
    optional, defaults to no image
    remember "on", "off" If "on", the Twisty state is remembered the next time the page is shown. If "off", the stored setting will be cleared.
    Note: when used, think carefully about a unique name (id) for the Twisty, otherwise the cookie that is set might affect other Twisties with the same name. Also note that only interaction is stored, not the state of the Twisty when left unclicked.
    optional, no default
    start "hide" or "show" Initial state of the Twisty; this will override any setting stored in a cookie (see remember). optional, default no initial state
    firststart "hide" or "show" Initial state of the Twisty the first time the visitor gets to see the Twisty; this will NOT override cookie settings (see remember). optional, default no initial state
  • Example:
    %TWISTYHIDE{id="demo" link=" Click to Fold " imgleft="%ICONURLPATH{toggleclose}%"}%
  • Related: VarENDTWISTY, VarENDTWISTYTOGGLE, VarTWISTY, VarTWISTYBUTTON, VarTWISTYHIDE, VarTWISTYSHOW, VarTWISTYTOGGLE

TWISTYSHOW

Show/open link
  • Syntax: %TWISTYSHOW{id="myid" ... }%
  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter Value Description Remark
    id Unique identifier Used to link TWISTYSHOW, TWISTYHIDE and TWISTYTOGGLE required
    link Link label Show link label optional
    mode "div" or "span" Specify if the Twisty Show link will use a <div> or a <span> tag. Note that if the contents contains block elements such as div, mode should be div as well to create valid HTML markup. optional, defaults to <div>
    img Image url Specify the url of an image that will be displayed at the right side of the link.
    You may use ICONURLPATH to display one of the DocumentGraphics icons. Alternatively use an image attached to the topic.
    optional, defaults to no image
    imgleft Image url Specify the url of an image that will be displayed at the left side of the link.
    You may use ICONURLPATH to display one of the DocumentGraphics icons. Alternatively use an image attached to the topic.
    optional, defaults to no image
    imgright Image url Specify the url of an image that will be displayed at the right side of the link.
    You may use ICONURLPATH to display one of the DocumentGraphics icons. Alternatively use an image attached to the topic.
    optional, defaults to no image
    remember "on", "off" If "on", the Twisty state is remembered the next time the page is shown. If "off", the stored setting will be cleared.
    Note: when used, think carefully about a unique name (id) for the Twisty, otherwise the cookie that is set might affect other Twisties with the same name. Also note that only interaction is stored, not the state of the Twisty when left unclicked.
    optional, no default
    start "hide" or "show" Initial state of the Twisty; this will override any setting stored in a cookie (see remember). optional, default no initial state
    firststart "hide" or "show" Initial state of the Twisty the first time the visitor gets to see the Twisty; this will NOT override cookie settings (see remember). optional, default no initial state
  • Example:
    %TWISTYSHOW{id="demo" link=" Click to Unfold " imgleft="%ICONURLPATH{toggleopen}%"}%
  • Related: VarENDTWISTY, VarENDTWISTYTOGGLE, VarTWISTY, VarTWISTYBUTTON, VarTWISTYHIDE, VarTWISTYSHOW, VarTWISTYTOGGLE

TWISTYTOGGLE

Twisty Toggle contents section
  • Syntax: %TWISTYTOGGLE{id="myid"}%
  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter Value Description Remark
    id Unique identifier Used to link TWISTYSHOW, TWISTYHIDE and TWISTYTOGGLE. required
    mode "div" or "span" Specify if the Twisty Toggle section will use a <div> or a <span> tag. Note that if the contents contains block elements such as div, mode should be div as well to create valid HTML markup. optional, defaults to <div>
    class CSS class name Class for content div or span optional, default none
    linkclass CSS class name Class for link optional, default none
    remember "on", "off" If "on", the Twisty state is remembered the next time the page is shown. If "off", the stored setting will be cleared.
    Note: when used, think carefully about a unique name (id) for the Twisty, otherwise the cookie that is set might affect other Twisties with the same name. Also note that only interaction is stored, not the state of the Twisty when left unclicked.
    optional, no default
    start "hide" or "show" Initial state of the Twisty; this will override any setting stored in a cookie (see remember). optional, default no initial state
    firststart "hide" or "show" Initial state of the Twisty the first time the visitor gets to see the Twisty; this will NOT override cookie settings (see remember). optional, default no initial state
    noscript "hide" Make content hidden in case use does not have JavaScript on optional, default content is shown with no JavaScript
  • Example:
    %TWISTYTOGGLE{id="demo" mode="div" remember="on"}%My content%ENDTWISTYTOGGLE%
  • Related: VarENDTWISTY, VarENDTWISTYTOGGLE, VarTWISTY, VarTWISTYBUTTON, VarTWISTYHIDE, VarTWISTYSHOW, VarTWISTYTOGGLE

U -- "updated" icon

URLPARAM{"name"} -- get value of a URL parameter

  • Returns the value of a URL parameter.
  • Syntax: %URLPARAM{"name"}%
  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    "name" The name of a URL parameter required
    default="..." Default value in case parameter is empty or missing empty string
    newline="<br />" Convert newlines in textarea to other delimiters no conversion
    encode="off"
    encode="entity"
    encode="safe"
    encode="url"
    encode="quote"
    Control how special characters are encoded
    off: No encoding. Avoid using this when possible. See the security warning below.
    entity: Encode special characters into HTML entities. See ENCODE for more details.
    safe: Encode characters '"<>% into HTML entities.
    url: Encode special characters for URL parameter use, like a double quote into %22
    quote: Escape double quotes with backslashes (\"), does not change other characters; required when feeding URL parameters into other macros.
    "safe"
    multiple="on"
    multiple="[[$item]]"
    If set, gets all selected elements of a <select multiple="multiple"> tag. A format can be specified, with $item indicating the element, e.g. multiple="Option: $item" (also supports the standard format tokens) first element
    separator=", " Separator between multiple selections. Only relevant if multiple is specified "\n" (new line)
  • Example: %URLPARAM{"skin"}% returns print for a .../view/System/Macros?skin=print URL
  • Notes:
    • URL parameters passed into HTML form fields must be entity ENCODEd.
    • Double quotes in URL parameters must be escaped when passed into other macros.
      Example: %SEARCH{ "%URLPARAM{ "search" encode="quote" }%" noheader="on" }%
    • When used in a template topic, this macro will be expanded when the template is used to create a new topic. See TemplateTopics#TemplateTopicsVars for details.
    • Watch out for internal parameters, such as rev, skin, template, topic, web; they have a special meaning in Foswiki. Common parameters and view script specific parameters are documented at CommandAndCGIScripts.
    • If you have %URLPARAM{ in the value of a URL parameter, it will be modified to %<nop>URLPARAM{. This is to prevent an infinite loop during expansion.
    • Security warning! Using URLPARAM can easily be misused for cross-site scripting unless specific characters are entity encoded. By default URLPARAM encodes the characters '"<>% into HTML entities (same as encode="safe") which is relatively safe. The safest is to use encode="entity". When passing URLPARAM inside another macro always use double quotes ("") combined with using URLPARAM with encode="quote". For maximum security against cross-site scripting you are adviced to install the Foswiki:Extensions.SafeWikiPlugin.
  • Related: ENCODE, SEARCH, FormattedSearch, QUERYSTRING

USERINFO{"name"} -- retrieve details about a user

  • Syntax: %USERINFO%
  • Expands to: guest, WikiGuest, (comma-separated list of the username, wikiusername, and emails)
  • With formatted output, using tokens $emails, $username, $wikiname, $wikiusername, $groups and $admin ($admin returns 'true' or 'false'):
    • Example:
      %USERINFO{ format="$username is really $wikiname" }%
    • Expands to: guest is really WikiGuest
  • Retrieve information about another user:
    • Example:
      %USERINFO{ "WikiGuest" format="$username is really $wikiname" }%
    • Expands to: guest is really WikiGuest
      TIP You need to be a member of AdminGroup for the USERINFO macro to provide details about other users
      HELP The parameter should be the wikiname of a user. You can also pass a login name. You can only get information about another user if the {AntiSpam}{HideUserDetails} configuration option is not enabled, or if you are an admin. (User details are hidden in this site)
  • Related: USERNAME, WIKINAME, WIKIUSERNAME, GROUPINFO, UserAuthentication, ChangeEmailAddress

USERNAME -- your login username

USERSWEB -- name of users web

  • The web containing individual user topics, WikiGroups, and customised site-wide preferences.
  • Syntax: %USERSWEB%
  • Expands to: Main
  • Related: SYSTEMWEB

VAR{"NAME" web="Web"} -- get a preference value from another web

  • Syntax: %VAR{"NAME" web="Web"}%
  • Example: To get %WEBBGCOLOR% of the Main web write %VAR{"WEBBGCOLOR" web="Main"}%, which expands to #FFEFA6
  • Related: WEBPREFSTOPIC

VBAR -- vertical bar

  • The vertical bar macro can be used in TML tables.
  • Current value: VBAR = |
  • Related: BR, BULLET, BB, BB2, BB3, BB4, CARET

WEB -- name of current web

  • %WEB% expands to the name of the web where the topic is located. If you are looking at the text of an included topic, it is the web where the included topic is located.
  • Syntax: %WEB%
  • Expands to: System
  • Related: BASEWEB, INCLUDINGWEB, TOPIC

WEBLIST{"format"} -- index of all webs

  • List of all webs. Obfuscated webs are excluded, e.g. webs with a NOSEARCHALL = on preference setting. The "format" defines the format of one web item. The $name gets expanded to the name of the web, $qname gets expanded to double quoted name, $marker to marker where web matches selection. Subwebs are listed recursively.
  • Syntax: %WEBLIST{"format" ...}%
  • Supported parameters:
    Parameter: Description: Default:
    "format" Format of one line, may include $name (the name of the web), $qname (the name of the web in double quotes), $indentedname (the name of the web with parent web names replaced by indents, for use in indented lists), and $marker (which expands to marker for the item matching selection only) $name
    format="format" (Alternative to above) $name
    separator=", " Line separator $n (new line)
    web="" if you specify $web in format, it will be replaced with this value. none
    webs="public" Comma separated list of webs to consider. This list can include two pseudo-webs, public which expands to all non-hidden and webtemplate which expands to the names of all template webs.
    NOTE: Administrators will see all webs, not just the public ones
    public
    subwebs="Sandbox" Specifies a single web. If specified, then public and webtemplate (described above) will expand relative to show subwebs *below this web only. ""
    selection="%WEB%" Entry to be selected in list. If one of the webs matches this selection, then $marker in the format will be expanded selection=%WEB%
    marker="selected" Text for $marker if the item matches selection selected="selected"
  • Example, creates a bullet list of all webs:
    %WEBLIST{"   * [[$name.%HOMETOPIC%]]"}%
  • Example, creates a dropdown of all public webs + Trash web, with the current web highlighted:
    <form><select name="web">%WEBLIST{
          "<option $marker value='$qname'>$name</option>"
          webs="Trash, public"
          selection="%WEB%"
          separator=" "
       }% </select></form>
    ALERT! WEBLIST will not show a web called 'TWiki' even if it exists in the file system unless the TWikiCompatibilityPlugin is installed and activated in configure. This is done to ensure that the TWiki compatibility components such as the TWiki web are only visible and active when needed
  • Related: TOPICLIST, SEARCH

WEBPREFSTOPIC -- name of web preferences topic

WHITE -- start white colored text

  • WHITE is one of the shortcut macros predefined in DefaultPreferences. See the section shortcut macros in that topic for a complete list of colors.
    Example:
    %WHITE% white text %ENDCOLOR%
    Expands to: white text

    ALERT! %<color>% text must end with %ENDCOLOR%. If you want to switch from one color to another one you first need to end the active color with %ENDCOLOR%, e.g. write
    %RED% some text %ENDCOLOR% %GREEN% more text %ENDCOLOR%
Related: ENDCOLOR, DefaultPreferences, StandardColors

WIKIHOMEURL -- site home URL

  • Syntax %WIKIHOMEURL%
  • Expands to /wiki
  • Normally by default set to %SCRIPTURLPATH{"view"}%
    ALERT! For the top bar logo URL use %WIKILOGOURL% defined in WebPreferences instead.
  • Related: WIKITOOLNAME

WIKINAME -- your Wiki username

WIKIPREFSTOPIC -- name of site-wide preferences topic

WIKITOOLNAME -- name of your site

WIKIUSERNAME -- your Wiki username with web prefix

WIKIUSERSTOPIC -- name of topic listing all registered users

  • Syntax: %WIKIUSERSTOPIC%
  • Expands to: WikiUsers, with Main prefix renders as WikiUsers
  • Related: WIKIUSERNAME

WIKIVERSION -- the version of the installed Foswiki engine

WIKIWEBMASTER -- feedback email address for site

  • Syntax: %WIKIWEBMASTER%
  • Expands to: webmaster@eugeneweb.com
  • Related: WIKIWEBMASTERNAME

WIKIWEBMASTERNAME -- Name of the administrator for the site

  • Syntax: %WIKIWEBMASTERNAME%
  • Expands to: Wiki Administrator
  • Related: WIKIWEBMASTER

X -- warning icon

Y -- "yes" icon

YELLOW -- start yellow colored text

  • YELLOW is one of the shortcut macros predefined in DefaultPreferences. See the section shortcut macros in that topic for a complete list of colors.
    Example:
    %YELLOW% yellow text %ENDCOLOR%
    Expands to: yellow text

    ALERT! %<color>% text must end with %ENDCOLOR%. If you want to switch from one color to another one you first need to end the active color with %ENDCOLOR%, e.g. write
    %RED% some text %ENDCOLOR% %GREEN% more text %ENDCOLOR%
Related: ENDCOLOR, DefaultPreferences, StandardColors

Shortcuts

The following macros are preference settings and are frequently used in topic content.
  • %BR% - line break
  • %BULLET% - bullet sign
  • %BB% - line break and bullet combined
  • %BB2% - indented line break and bullet
  • %RED% text %ENDCOLOR% - colored text (also %YELLOW%, %ORANGE%, %PINK%, %PURPLE%, %TEAL%, %NAVY%, %BLUE%, %AQUA%, %LIME%, %GREEN%, %OLIVE%, %MAROON%, %BROWN%, %BLACK%, %GRAY%, %SILVER%, %WHITE%)
  • %H% - HELP Help icon
  • %I% - IDEA! Idea icon
  • %M% - MOVED TO... Moved to icon
  • %N% - NEW New icon
  • %P% - REFACTOR Refactor icon
  • %Q% - QUESTION? Question icon
  • %S% - PICK Red star icon
  • %T% - TIP Tip icon
  • %U% - UPDATED Updated icon
  • %X% - ALERT! Alert icon
  • %Y% - DONE Done icon

See ShortcutMacros for a full list of predefined shortcuts.


Related Topics: UserDocumentationCategory
Topic revision: r1 - 09 Jan 2009 - 12:00:00 - ProjectContributor
 

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